Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 257–270 | Cite as

Annual and Seasonal Variations of the Sea Surface Heat Fluxes in the East Asian Marginal Seas

  • Jungyul Na
  • Jangwon Seo
  • Heung-Jae Lie


Based on the twice-daily marine atmospheric variables which were derived mostly from the weather maps for 18 years period from 1978 to 1995, the surface heat flux over the East Asian marginal seas was calculated at 0.5°×0.5° grid points twice a day. The annual mean distribution of the net heat flux shows that the maximum heat loss occurs in the central part of the Yellow Sea, along the Kuroshio axis and along the west coast of the northern Japanese islands. The area off Vladivostok turned out to be a heat-losing region, however, on the average, the amount of heat loss is minimum over the study area and the estuary of the Yangtze River also appears as a region of the minimum heat loss. The seasonal variations of heat flux show that the period of heat gain is longest in the Yellow Sea, and the maximum heat gain occurs in June. The maximum heat loss occurs in January over the study area, except the Yellow Sea where the heat loss is maximum in December. The annual mean value of the net heat flux in the East/Japan Sea is −108 W/m2 which is about twice the value of Hirose et al. (1996) or about 30% higher than Kato and Asai (1983). For the Yellow Sea, it is about −89 W/m2 and it becomes −75 W/m2 in the East China Sea. This increase in values of the net heat flux comes mostly from the turbulent fluxes which are strongly dependent on the wind speed, which fluctuates largely during the winter season.

Surface heat flux net heat flux Yellow Sea East/Japan Sea East China Sea monthly and annual means 


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Copyright information

© The Oceanographic Society of Japan 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jungyul Na
    • 1
  • Jangwon Seo
    • 2
  • Heung-Jae Lie
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Earth & Marine SciencesHanyang UniversityAnsanKorea
  2. 2.Marine Meteorology Research LaboratoryMeteorological Research Institute, Korea Meteorological AdministrationKorea
  3. 3.Physical Oceanography DivisionKorea Ocean Research and Development InstituteAnsanKorea

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