Journal of Superconductivity

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 575–581 | Cite as

Effects of Precursors with Fine BaZrO3 Inclusions on the Growth and Microstructure of Textured YBCO

  • Y. Y. Luo
  • Y. C. Wu
  • X. M. Xiong
  • Q. Y. Li
  • W. Gawalek
  • Z. H. He


We prepared precursors with fine BaZrO3 inclusions for melt-texture growth of high-temperature superconductors with nominal composition of Y1.5Ba2Cu3O y + x BaZrO3 (x = 0, 0.04, 0.08, and 0.1), by the process of liquid-phase powder melt-texture growth (LPMG). We then investigated the effects of the precursors on the texture growth and the microstructure of composite YBa2Cu3O7-δ/Y2BaCuO5 (YBCO). The BaZrO3 particles were about 100 nm in size in the textured YBa2Cu3O7-δ (Y123), observed by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Owing to the pushing effects of growing fronts, fine particles were pushed out of and thus gathered in front of the growing fronts or between Y123 grains. The gathered particles in turn blocked the further growth of the Y123 grains. However, BaZrO3 particles seeded Y123 grains, giving rise to multigrain growths. These negative effects of BaZrO3 fine particles exclude themselves as effective flux pinning centers in the textured YBCO.

texture YBCO BaZrO3 ultrafine particles pushing effect seeding effect 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Y. Luo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Y. C. Wu
    • 1
  • X. M. Xiong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Q. Y. Li
    • 1
  • W. Gawalek
    • 3
  • Z. H. He
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsZhongshan UniversityGuangzhouP. R. China
  2. 2.National Laboratory of Solid State MicrostructureNanjin UniversityP. R. China
  3. 3.Institut für Physikaliche HochtechnologieJenaGermany

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