The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 26, Issue 1–2, pp 73–86 | Cite as

Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers

  • James D. Adams
  • Eric P. Chiang
  • Katara Starkey


This paper takes a first look at the effect of Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers (IUCRCs) on industrial R&D laboratories. IUCRCs are small academic centers designed to foster technology transfer between universities and firms. Since IUCRCs depend on industry support we expect them to further the research of member companies.

Our findings suggest that IUCRCs promote industry-university technology transfer. We find strong associations between laboratory membership in IUCRCs and the importance of faculty consultants, co-authorship with faculty and hiring of graduate students to the laboratories. IUCRC membership contributes small increments, not always statistically significant, of 2% in laboratory patenting and research expenditures. Both estimates are larger for National Science Foundation IUCRCs, consistent with their quality and their sorting to larger laboratories.

These results survive a simultaneous equation analysis of the joint decision to patent and join IUCRCs. Nevertheless more work is needed to separate the effect of the IUCRCs from the matching mechanism that assigns IUCRCs to R&D laboratories.


Sorting National Science Foundation Technology Transfer Industrial Organization Equation Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams, J.D., 1997, Survey of Industrial Laboratory Technologies 1996, processed, Department of Economics, University of Florida.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, J.D., 1998, Survey of Industry- University Cooperati¨eResearch Centers 1998, processed, Department of Economics, University of Florida.Google Scholar
  3. Adams, J.D., 2000, 'Endogenous R & D Spillovers and Industrial Research Productivity', NBER Working Paper a7484.Google Scholar
  4. Adams, J.D., E.P. Chiang, and J.L. Jensen, 2000, 'The Influence of Federal Laboratory R & D on Industrial Research', NBER Working Paper a7612.Google Scholar
  5. Blumenthal, D., M. Gluck, K.S. Louis, and D. Wise, 1986, 'Industrial Support of University Research in Biotechnology', Science 231, 244- 246.Google Scholar
  6. Brooks, H. and L.P. Randazzese, 1998, 'University- Industry Relations: The Next Four Years and Beyond', in Lewis M. Branscomb and James H. Keller eds., Investing in Innovation: Creating a Research and Innovation Policy that Works, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Brownlee, K.A., 1965, Statistical Theory and Methodology in Science and Engineering, 2nd edition, New York: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, W.M., R. Florida, L.P. Randazzese, and J. Walsh, 1998, 'Industry and the Academy: Uneasy Partners in the Cause of Technological Advance', in Roger Noll ed., Challenges to Research Universities, Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  9. Gray, D.O., (various years), 'National Science Foundation Industry- University Cooperative Research Centers, Final Structural Information', processed, North Carolina State University.Google Scholar
  10. Greene, W.H., 2000, Econometric Analysis, 4th ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice- Hall.Google Scholar
  11. Griliches, Z., 1986, 'Productivity, R & D, and Basic Research at the Firm Level During the 1970s', American Economic Review 76, 141–154.Google Scholar
  12. Hausman, J., B. Hall, and Z. Griliches, 1984, 'Economic Models for Count Data, with an Application to the Patents- R & D Relationship', Econometrica 52, 909–938.Google Scholar
  13. Henderson, R., A.B. Jaffe, and M. Trajtenberg, 1998, 'Universities as a Source of Commercial Technology: A Detailed Analysis of University Patenting: 1965]1988', The Review of Economics and Statistics 119–127.Google Scholar
  14. Klette, T.J., J. Moen, and Z. Griliches, 2000, 'Do Subsidies to Commercial R & D Reduce Market Failures? Microeconometric Evaluation Studies', Research Policy 29, 471–495.Google Scholar
  15. Link, A.N., and L.L. Bauer, 1989, Cooperative Research in U.S.Manufacturing: Assessing Policy Initiatives and Corporate Strategy, Lexington, Massachusetts: Heath.Google Scholar
  16. Maddala, G.S., 1983, Limited- Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Mowery, D.C., 1995, 'The Boundaries of the U.S. Firm in R & D', in N. R. Lamoureaux and D.M.G. Raff eds., Coordination and Information: Historical Perspecti¨es on the Organization of Enterprise, Chicago: University of Chicago Press for NBER.Google Scholar
  18. National Science Board, 1998, Science and Engineering Indicators 1998, Washington D.C.: National Science Foundation.Google Scholar
  19. Thursby, J.G. and M.C. Thursby, 2000, 'Who is Selling the Ivory Tower? Sources of Growth in University Licensing', NBER Working Paper a7718.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • James D. Adams
    • 1
  • Eric P. Chiang
    • 2
  • Katara Starkey
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Florida and NBER, Department of EconomicsUniversity of FloridaGainesville
  2. 2.University of FloridaUSA

Personalised recommendations