The Journal of Technology Transfer

, Volume 24, Issue 2–3, pp 111–123

The Future Location of Research and Technology Transfer

  • Henry Etzkowitz
  • Loet Leydesdorff

DOI: 10.1023/A:1007807302841

Cite this article as:
Etzkowitz, H. & Leydesdorff, L. The Journal of Technology Transfer (1999) 24: 111. doi:10.1023/A:1007807302841


The triple helix model of university-industry-government relations is explicated for the transfer of technology. Drawing upon a broad range of international instances, the stages and phases through which the institutional spheres most relevant to innovation are drawn into a more productive relationship are discussed in comparison to alternative models.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry Etzkowitz
    • 1
  • Loet Leydesdorff
    • 2
  1. 1.Science Policy InstituteState University of New York at PurchasePurchase
  2. 2.Department of Science and Technology DynamicsUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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