Resonance Phenomena in Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling
We consider two types of resonance phenomena in Josephson junctions, both related to the existence of highly resolved levels of a quantum “particle” in a potential well. The existence of the levels is manifested in the most striking way in a resonance decrease of the lifetime of the metastable state under the action of an alternating external current. A strong resonance should take place at the frequency equal to the level spacing. The second type of resonance phenomena takes place at such values of the bias current I x for which two levels in adjacent wells happen to cross. The shape and size of peaks depend strongly on the parameters of the junctions, as well as on the temperature and number of resonance levels.
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