Advertisement

Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 29–35 | Cite as

Chronic Low Blood Pressure: A Review

  • Marc De Buyzere
  • Denis L. Clement
  • Daniel Duprez
Article
epidemiology ambulatory blood pressure psychosomatic distress pathophysiology symptoms treatment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kannel WB. Some lessons in cardiovascular epidemiology from Framingham. Am J Cardiol 1976;97:269-282.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hebert PR, Moser M, Mayer J, Glynn RJ, Hennekens CH. Recent evidence on drug therapy of mild to moderate hypertension and decreased risk of coronary heart disease. Arch Intern Med 1993;153:578-581.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mattila K, Haavisto M, Rajala S, Heikinheimo R. Blood pressure and five year survival in the very old. Br Med J 1988;296:887-889.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Langer RD, Ganiato TG, Barrett-Conner E. Paradoxical survival of elderly men with high blood pressure. Br Med J 1989;298:1356-1358.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Staessen J, Bulpitt C, Clement D, et al. Relationship between mortality and treated blood pressure in elderly patients with hypertension: Report of the European Working Party on High Blood Pressure in the Elderly. Br Med J 1989;298:1552-1556.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fletcher AE, Bulpitt CJ. How far should blood pressure be lowered? N Engl J Med 1992;326:251-254.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Glynn RJ, Field TS, Rosner B, Hebert PR, Taylor JO, Hennekens CH. Evidence for a positive linear relation between blood pressure and mortality in elderly people. Lancet 1995;345:825-829.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rosengren A, Tibblin G, Wilhelmsen L. Low systolic blood pressure and self-perceived well-being in middle aged men. Br Med J 1993;306:243-246.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Morley JE. Is low blood pressure dangerous? J Am Geriatr Soc 1991;39:1239-1240.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pemberton J. Does constitutional hypotension exist? Br Med J 1989;298:660-662.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schettler G, ed. Innere Medizin. Stuttgart: Thieme Verlag, 1976:233-237.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jansen R, Lipsitz LA. Postprandial hypotension: Epidemiology, pathophysiology and clinical management. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:286-295.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mader SL. Aging and postural hypotension: An update. J Am Geriatr Soc 1989;37:129-137.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Matthias CJ. Orthostatic hypotension: Causes, mechanisms and influencing factors. Neurology 1995;45(Suppl. 6):S6-S11.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Robertson D, Davis TL. Recent advances in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension. Neurology 1995;45(Suppl. 5): S26-S32.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    RäÏhä I, Luutonen S, Piha J, Seppaänen A, Toikka T, Sourander L. Prevalence, predisposing factors and prognostic importance of postural hypotension. Arch Intern Med 1995;155:930-935.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Streeten DM, Anderson GH. Delayed orthostatic intolerance. Arch Intern Med 1992;152:1066-1072.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Seyer-Hanson K. Postprandial hypotension [letter]. Br Med J 1977;2:1262.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Donner-Banzhoff N, Kreienbrock L, Baum E. Hypotension-does it make sense in family practice? Family Practise 1994;11:368-374.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sinnett PF, Whyte HM. Epidemiological studies in a total highland population. Tukisenta, New Guinea: Cardiovascular disease and relevant clinical, electrocardiographic, radiologic and biochemical findings. J Chronic Dis 1973;26: 265-269.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Truswell AS, Kennelly MB, Hansen JDL, Lee RB. Blood pressures of !Kung bushmen in northern Botswana. Am Heart J 1972;84:5-12.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shaper AG, Wright DH, Kyobe J. Blood pressure and body build in three nomadic tribes of northern Kenya. East Afr Med J 1969;46:273-281.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shaper AG, Leonard PJ, Jones KW, Jones M. Environmental effects on the body build, blood pressure and blood chemistry of nomadic warriors serving in the army in Kenya. East Afr Med J 1969;46:282-289.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sever P, Gordon D, Peart WS, Beighton P. Blood pressure and its correlates in urban and tribal Africa. Lancet 1980;2:60-64.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cruz-Coke R, Etcheverry R, Nagel R. Influence of migration on blood pressure of Eastern Islanders. Lancet 1964;1: 697-699.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Poulter NR, Khaw KT, Hopwood BEC, Mugambi M, Peart WS, Rose G, Sever PS. The Kenyan Luo migration study: Observations on the initiation of rise in blood pressure. Br Med J 1990;300:967-972.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Friedlander A. Clinical types of hypotension. JAMA 1924;83:167-171.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Dally J. Low Blood Pressure: Its Causes and Significance. London: Heinemann, 1928.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Robinson S. Hypotension: The ideal normal blood pressure. N Engl J Med 1940;233:407-416.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Robbins JM, Korda H, Shapiro MF. Treatment for a non disease: The case of low blood pressure. Soc Sci Med 1982;16:27-33.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wessely S, Nickson J, Cox B. Symptoms of low blood pressure: A population study. Br Med J 1990;301:362-365.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Pilgrim JA. Psychological aspects of high and low blood pressure. Psychol Med 1994;24:9-14.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Pilgrim JA, Stansfeld S, Marmot M. Low blood pressure, low mood? Br Med J 1992;304:75-78.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pilgrim JA, Crawford M. Low blood pressure and wellbeing [letter]. Br Med J 1993;306:655.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Marmot M, Davey Smith G, Stansfeld S, et al. Health inequalities among British civil servants: The Whitehall II study. Lancet 1991;337:1387-1393.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Barrett-Connor E, Palinkas LA. Low blood pressure and depression in older men; a population based study. Br Med J 1994;308:446-449.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mann A. Psychiatric symptoms and low blood pressure. More evidence for an association [editorial]. Br Med J 1992;304: 64-65.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Beske F, Boschke WL, Ruschmann HH. Effizien-analyse der medikamentosen Hypotonie Therapie. Kiel: Institut fÜr Gesundheits-System-Forschung, 1983.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Clement DL, De Buyzere M, Duprez D. Prognostic value of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [Editorial]. J Hypertens 1994;12:857-864.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    De Sutter J, Duprez D, De Buyzere M, Clement DL. Correlations between blood pressure, forearm reactive hyperaemia and arterial compliance in subjects with low blood pressure. Acta Cardiol 1991;46:644-645.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    De Buyzere M, Duprez D, De Sutter J, De Backer T, Clement DL. Relationship between the blood pressure profile and blood flow at the level of finger and calf in subjects with low and high blood pressure. Acta Clin Belg 1992;47:143-144.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Duprez D, De Buyzere M, De Sutter J, De Backer T, Clement DL. Peripheral vascular changes and ambulatory blood pressure profiles. Am J Hypertens 1993;6:1033-1039.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Legarth J, Nolsoe C. Doppler blood velocity waveforms and the relation to peripheral resistance in the brachial artery. J Ultrasound Med 1990;9:449-453.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Duprez D, De Buyzere M, De Backer T, Clement DL Relationship between brachial artery pulsatility index and 24 h ambulatory blood pressure recording in moderate essential arterial hypertension. J Ambul Monitor 1993;6:43-46.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Simpson LO. Symptoms of low blood pressure. Br Med J 1990;301:815-816.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Duprez D, De Buyzere M, De Sutter J, Vercammen J, Clement DL. Skin capillary erythrocyte velocity and mean 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure level. Int J Microcirc Clin Exp 1993;12:193-198.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Vosschulte K, Lasch HG, Heinrich F, eds. Innere Medizin und Chirurgie. Stuttgart. Thieme Verlag, 1979:173-176.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Tonkin AL, Wong LMH. Hypotension: Assessment and management. Med J Austr 1990;153:474-479.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Fry J, Byzne PS, Johnson S, eds. A Textbook of Medical Practise. Lancaster, UK: MTP press, 1976.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Taylor RB, ed. Family Medicine. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc De Buyzere
    • 1
  • Denis L. Clement
    • 1
  • Daniel Duprez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyUniversity HospitalGentBelgium

Personalised recommendations