Advertisement

Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 319–327 | Cite as

Inter-annual Fidelity to Summer Feeding Sites in Arctic Grayling

  • Karen M. Buzby
  • Linda A. Deegan
Article

Abstract

Inter-annual fidelity to summer feeding sites was assessed in adult Arctic grayling, Thymallus arcticus, in the Kuparuk River, Alaska using long-term (15 years) records of individually tagged fish. The Kuparuk River has been the site of a long-term fertilization experiment which allowed us to evaluate the effects of habitat quality on site fidelity. Fidelity to the entire 5 km experimental reach, the reference or fertilized zone of the river and to specific river locations was examined. On average, 32% of the arctic grayling caught in the experimental reach were recaptured within the reach in subsequent years. Grayling that returned to the reach displayed strong fidelity to river zones as well as to specific sites on the river. More than half of the fish were recaptured within 300 meters of the site where they were captured in previous years. There was no significant difference in fidelity to either the reference or the more productive fertilized zone. Unexpectedly, fidelity was unrelated to fish size (29–43 cm TL) or previous summer’s growth. Strong site fidelity appears to be an adaptation to a short summer during which sufficient resources must be acquired to sustain the fish through the long (9 month) Arctic winter leaving little time to explore alternative locations.

Thymallus arcticus river fertilization tagging habitat quality 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Bosch, D.E. 1995. Population dynamics and stock assessment of Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in the Gulkana River drainage, Alaska. Master's Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks. 190 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Buzby, K. & L. Deegan. 1999. Retention of anchor and passive integrated transponder tags in Arctic grayling. N. Amer. J. Fish. Manage. 19: 1147–1150.Google Scholar
  3. Deegan, L.A. & B.J. Peterson. 1992. Whole river fertilization stimulates fish production in an Arctic tundra river. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 1890–1901.Google Scholar
  4. Deegan, L.A., H.E. Golden, C.J. Harvey & B.J. Peterson. 1999. The influence of environmental variability on the growth of age 0 and adult Arctic grayling. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 128: 1163–1175.Google Scholar
  5. Deegan, L.A., B.J. Peterson, H. Golden, C.C. McIvor & M.C. Miller. 1997. Effects of fish density, and river fertilization on algal standing stocks, invertebrate communities and fish production in an Arctic river. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 269–283.Google Scholar
  6. Gettel, G.M., L.A. Deegan & C.J. Harvey. 1997. A comparison of whole and thin-sectioned otolith aging techniques and validation of annuli for Arctic grayling. Northwest Sci. 71: 224–232.Google Scholar
  7. Hershey, A.E., W.B. Bowden, L.A. Deegan, J.E. Hobbie, B.J. Peterson, G.W. Kipphut, G.W. Kling, M.A. Lock, R.W. Merritt, M.C. Miller, J.R. Vestal & J.A. Schuldt. 1997. The Kuparuk River: a long-term study of biological and chemical processes in an Arctic river. pp. 107–130. In: A.M. Milner & M.W. Oswood (ed.) Freshwaters of Alaska, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Hughes, N.F. 1992. Ranking of feeding positions by drift-feeding Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in dominance hierarchies. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 1994–1998.Google Scholar
  9. Hughes, N.F. 1998. Use of whole-stream patterns of age segregation to infer the interannual movements of stream salmonids: a demonstration with Arctic grayling in an interior Alaskan stream. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 127: 1067–1071.Google Scholar
  10. Hughes, N.F. & J.B. Reynolds. 1994. Why do Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) get bigger as you go upstream? Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51: 2154–2163.Google Scholar
  11. Kratt, L.F. 1985. Long-term retention of floy tags by Arctic grayling, Thymallus arcticus. Can. Field-Naturalist 99: 545–546.Google Scholar
  12. Northcote, T.G. 1997. Potamodromy in Salmonidae-living and moving in the fast lane. N. Amer. J. Fish. Manage. 17: 1029–1045.Google Scholar
  13. Peterson, B.J., L. Deegan, J. Helfrich, J.E. Hobbie, M. Hullar, M. B. Moller, T.E. Ford, A. Hershey, A. Hiltner, G. Kipphut, M.A. Lock, D.M. Feibig, V. McKinley, M.C. Miller, J.R.Vestal, R. Venutllo & G. Volk. 1993. Biological responses of a tundra river to fertilization. Ecology 74: 653–672.Google Scholar
  14. Reynolds, J.B. 1997. Ecology of overwintering fishes in Alaskan freshwaters. pp. 281–302. In: A.M. Milner & M.W. Oswood (ed.) Freshwaters of Alaska, Springer, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Switzer, P.V. 1993. Site fidelity in predictable and unpredictable habitats. Evol. Ecol. 7: 533–555.Google Scholar
  16. Vascotto, G.L. & J.E. Morrow. 1974. Behavior of the Arctic grayling, Thymallus arcticus, in McManus Creek, Alaska. Biolog. Pap. Univer. Alaska 13: 29–38.Google Scholar
  17. West, R.L., M.W. Smith, W.E. Barber, J.B. Reynolds & H.Hop. 1992. Autumn migration and overwintering in coastal streams of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 121: 709–715.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen M. Buzby
    • 1
  • Linda A. Deegan
    • 2
  1. 1.Marine Biological LaboratoryThe Ecosystems CenterWoods HoleU.S.A.
  2. 2.Marine Biological LaboratoryThe Ecosystems CenterWoods HoleU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations