European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 16, Issue 9, pp 789–791 | Cite as

Heavy coffee drinking and the risk of suicide

  • A. Tanskanen
  • J. Tuomilehto
  • H. Viinamäki
  • E. Vartiainen
  • J. Lehtonen
  • P. Puska

Abstract

Earlier research has implicated coffee drinking as a possible protective factor for suicide. We followed-up 43,166 subjects for the mean 14.6 years, and 213 suicides were committed. Daily coffee drinking had a J-shaped association with the risk of suicide. Using the Cox model we controlled for potential covariates, and found that among heavy coffee drinkers (≥ 8 cups/day) the risk of suicide was 58% higher compared with more moderate drinkers.

Coffee Mortality Risk Suicide 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Tanskanen
    • 1
  • J. Tuomilehto
    • 2
  • H. Viinamäki
    • 1
  • E. Vartiainen
    • 2
  • J. Lehtonen
    • 1
  • P. Puska
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of KuopioKuopioFinland
  2. 2.National Public Health InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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