Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 117–123 | Cite as

Description of a Juvenile Megamouth Shark, Megachasma pelagios, Caught off Brazil

  • Alberto F. Amorim
  • Carlos A. Arfelli
  • José I. Castro
Article

Abstract

A juvenile male megamouth shark was caught by a commercial longline vessel off Brazil. This specimen is the only juvenile megamouth examined and the only one from the Atlantic Ocean. Megamouth shark is one of the rarest sharks in the world. Only 14 specimens have been reported since its description in 1983 by Taylor et al. All previous specimens examined have been adults from the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It appears that the species is cosmopolitan.

Chondrichthyes Megachasmidae elasmobranch new record Atlantic morphometrics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Berra, T.M. & J.B. Hutchins. 1990. A specimen of megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios(Megachasmidae) from Western Australia. Rec. West Aust. Mus. 14(4): 651-656.Google Scholar
  2. Berra, T.M. & B. Hutchins. 1991. Natural history notes on the megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, from Western Australia. West. Aust. Mus. 18(8): 224-233.Google Scholar
  3. Castro, J.I. 1983. The sharks of North American waters. Texas A&M University Press, College Station. 180 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Lavenberg, R.J. 1991. Megamania-the continuing saga of megamouth sharks. Terra 30(1): 30-39.Google Scholar
  5. Lavenberg, R.J. & J.A. Seigel. 1985. The Pacific's megamystery-Megamouth. Terra 23(4): 29-31.Google Scholar
  6. Miya, M., M. Hirosawa & K. Mochizuki. 1992. Occurrence of a megachasmid shark in Suruga Bay: photographic evidence. J. Nat. Hist. Must. Inst., Chiba 2(1): 41-44.Google Scholar
  7. Nakaya, K. 1989. Discovery of a megamouth shark from Japan. Japan. J. Ichthyol. 36: 144-146.Google Scholar
  8. Nakaya, K., K. Yano, K. Takada & H. Hiruda. 1997. Morphology of the first female megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios(Elasmobranchii: Megachasmidae), landed at Fukuoka, Japan. pp. 51-62. In: K. Yano, J.F. Morrissey, Y. Yabumoto & K. Nakaya (ed.) Biology of the Megamouth Shark, Tokai University Press, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  9. Nelson, D.R., J.N. McKibben, W.R. Strong, Jr., C.G. Lowe & J.A. Sisneros. 1997. An acoustic tracking of a megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios: a crepuscular vertical migrator. Env. Biol. Fish. 49: 389-399.Google Scholar
  10. Séret, B. 1995. Première capture d'un requin grande gueule (Chondrichthyes, Megachasmidae) dans l'Atlantique, au large du Sénégal. Cybium 19(4): 425-427.Google Scholar
  11. Takada, K., H. Hiruda, S. Wakisaka, S. Kudo & K. Yano. 1997. Capture of the first female megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, from Hakata Bay, Fukuoka, Japan. pp. 3-9. In: K. Yano, J.F. Morrissey, Y. Yabumoto & K. Nakaya (ed.) Biology of the Megamouth Shark, Tokai University Press, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  12. Taylor, L.R., L.J.V. Compagno & P.J. Struhsaker. 1983. Megamouth-a new species, genus, and family of lamnoid shark (Megachasma pelagios, family Megachasmidae) from the Hawaiian Islands. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 43(8): 87-110.Google Scholar
  13. Yano, K., J.F. Morrissey, Y. Yabumoto & K. Nakaya (ed.) 1997. Biology of the megamouth shark. Tokai University Press, Tokyo. 203 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Yano, K., Y. Yabumoto, S. Tanaka, O. Tsukada & M. Furuta. 1999. Capture of a mature female megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, from Mie, Japan. pp. 335-349. In: B. Séret and J.-Y. Sire (ed.) Proc. 5th Indo-Pac. Fish Conf., Nouméa, 1997. Soc. Fr. Ichtyol., Paris.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto F. Amorim
    • 1
  • Carlos A. Arfelli
    • 1
  • José I. Castro
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de PescaBrazil
  2. 2.NOAA/NMFS, Southeast Fisheries Science CenterMiami
  3. 3.Mote Marine LaboratoryCenter for Shark ResearchSarasotaU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations