Advertisement

Journal of Cultural Economics

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 45–63 | Cite as

Programmatic Risk-Taking by American Opera Companies

  • J. Lamar Pierce
Article

Abstract

This study explores the relationships between culture,politics, and the decision-making process of theAmerican opera company. It combines socio-economicdata with the financial and program data of key operacompanies to explore important influences inprogramming decisions. It tests the hypothesizedrelationships between risk-taking by opera companiesand socio-economic variables such as wealth,government funding, and donor involvement. This studyfinds that local government funding encourages programconventionality, while federal support such as the NEAencourages program risk-taking. Socio-economicvariables such as conservatism, wealth, and educationlevel were also found to affect opera programming.

arts economics music NEA opera 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ames, Amyas (1970) “The Silent Spring of Our Symphonies”. Saturday Review 16 Feb.Google Scholar
  2. Baumol, William J. and Bowen, William G. (1966) Performing Arts: The Economic Dilemma. Twentieth Century Fund, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Blaug, Mark (1979) “Rationalising Social Expenditure-The Arts”, in Mark Blaug (ed.), The Economics of the Arts. Martin Robertson, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Blumenthal, Ralph (1995) “Federal Chill Is Felt by Those in the Arts”. New York Times 15 July.Google Scholar
  5. Burkholder, J. Peter (1986) “The Twentieth Century and the Orchestra as Museum”, in Joan Peyser (ed.), The Orchestra: Origins and Transformations. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  6. de Lancie, John (1994) “Orchestral Malaise”. American Record Guide September/October: 6-16.Google Scholar
  7. DiMaggio, Paul J. (1984) “The Nonprofit Instrument and the Influence of the Marketplace on the Policies in the Arts”, in W. McNeil Lowry (ed.), The Arts and Public Policy in the United States. The American Assembly, Prentice-Hall, Englewood, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  8. Elazar, Daniel (1984) American Federalism 3rd edn. Harper and Row, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Feld, Alan L., O'Hare, Michael, and Schuster, J. Mark Davidson (1983) Patrons Despite Themselves: Taxpayers and Arts Policy. New York University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Fields, Suzanne (1997) “NEA is Alive on Banks of the Potomac”. Colorado Springs Gazette 9 October: News 7.Google Scholar
  11. Fuchs, Peter Paul (1969) The Psychology of Conducting. MCA Music, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Hansmann, Henry (1997) “Nonprofit Enterprise in the Performing Arts”, in Ruth Towse (ed.), Cultural Economics: the Arts, the Heritage, and theMedia Industries. Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, U.K.Google Scholar
  13. Hart, Philip (1973) Orpheus in the New World: The Symphony Orchestra as an American Cultural Institution. W.W. Norton and Co, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Heilbrun, James, and Gray, Charles M. (1993) The Economics of Art and Culture: An American Perspective. Cambridge University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Katz, Richard and Cummings, Milton (eds.) (1987) The Patron State: Government and the Arts in Europe, North America and Japan. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  16. Krebs, Susanne and Pommerehne, Werner W. (1995) “Interactions of German Public Performing Arts Institutions”. Journal of Cultural Economics 19: 17–32.Google Scholar
  17. Kreisberg, Luisa (1979) Local Government and the Arts. American Council for the Arts, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Kurabayashi, Yoshimasa, and Matsuda, Yoshiro (1988) Economic and Social Aspects of the Performing Arts in Japan: Symphony Orchestras and Opera. Kinokuniya Company Ltd, Tokyo, Japan.Google Scholar
  19. Lieske, Joel (1993) “Regional Subcultures of the United States”. Journal of Politics.Google Scholar
  20. Martorella, Rosanne (1977) “The Relationship Between Box Office and Repertoire: A Case Study of Opera”. The Sociological Quarterly Summer: 354-366.Google Scholar
  21. McCarthy, Kathleen (1984) “American Cultural Philanthropy: Past, Present, and Future”. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science January: 16.Google Scholar
  22. Miller, Sarah Bryan (1995) “Operas in Search of a Second Hearing”. New York Times 14 July.Google Scholar
  23. McFate, Patricia A. (ed.) (1984) Paying for Culture: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, January.Google Scholar
  24. Mueller, John H. (1951) The American Symphony Orchestra. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.Google Scholar
  25. Mulcahy, Kevin V. (1987) “Government and the Arts in the United States”, in Milton C. Cummings and Richard S. Katz (eds.), The Patron State: Government and the Arts in Europe, North America, and Japan. Oxford University Press, New York, p. 329.Google Scholar
  26. National Endowment for the Arts (1972) Our Programs. National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  27. Netzer, Dick (1992) “Arts and Culture”, in Charles Clotfelter (ed.), Who Benefits from the Nonprofit Sector. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  28. Netzer, Dick (1978) The Subsidized Muse: Public Support for the Arts in the United States. Cambridge University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  29. O'Hare, Michael and Feld, Alan (1984) “Indirect Aid to the Arts”. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science January: 141.Google Scholar
  30. Rosenbaum, Samuel R. (1967) “Financial Evolution of the Orchestra”, in Henry Swoboda (ed.), The American Symphony Orchestra. Basic Books, Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  31. Schuman,William and Stevens, Roger L. (1980) Economic Pressures and the Future of the Arts. The Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  32. Seltzer, George (1975) The Professional Symphony Orchestra in the United States. The Scarecrow Press, Metuhen, N.J.Google Scholar
  33. “State of the Art” (1992) Opera News November: 32-33.Google Scholar
  34. Wyszomirski, Margaret Jane (1988) “Budgetary Politics and Legislative Support: The Arts in Congress”, in Margaret Jane Wyszomirski (ed.), Congress and the Arts: A Precarious Alliance? American Council for the Arts, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Lamar Pierce

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations