Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 369–380 | Cite as

Comparison of Reproductive Indicators and Analysis of the Reproductive Seasonality of the Tinfoil Barb, Puntius schwanenfeldii, in the Perak River, Malaysia

  • D. Steven O. McAdam
  • N. Robin Liley
  • Eddy S.P. Tan


The reproductive seasonality of Puntius schwanenfeldii from the Perak River, Malaysia was investigated over a 19 month period. Females greater than 160 g had mature or rematuring ovaries, and males of all sizes had mature testes throughout the study period. Analysis of female reproductive condition was based upon the presence of post ovulatory follicles (POF), the gonadosomatic index (GSI) and the volume fraction of stage IV oocytes (IV%), and GSI and presence of tubercles for males. Recrudescence followed immediately after ovulation, which allowed the use of objective thresholds to identify recently spawned females during the GSI and IV% recovery period. GSI and IV% were the best indicators of reproductive patterns as a result of their recovery period being longer than for POF. Male tubercles and GSI showed some statistically significant variation, but no clear relation with observed changes in female indicators. Reproduction was apparently aseasonal, and this pattern is likely an effect of flow regulation by dams which have virtually eliminated the dominant flood period and most seasonal flow variation. Hypothesized shifts in the reproductive seasonality due to flow regulation are consistent with predictions based on life history theory under conditions of altered environmental seasonality.

tropical riverine ecology life history river regulation ovarian histology 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Baxter, R.M. 1977. Environmental effects of dams and impoundments. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8: 255-283.Google Scholar
  2. Birstein, V.J. 1993. Sturgeons and paddlefishes: threatened fishes in need of conservation. Cons. Biol. 7: 773-787.Google Scholar
  3. Burt, A., D.L. Kramer, K. Nakatsuru & C. Spry. 1988. The tempo of reproduction in Hyphessobrycon puicripinnis (Characidae), with a discussion on the biology of ‘multiple spawning’ in fishes. Env. Biol. Fish. 22: 15-27.Google Scholar
  4. Cardwell, J.R., N.E. Stacey, E.S.P. Tan, D.S.O. McAdam & S.L.C. Lang. 1994. Androgen increases olfactory receptor response to a vertebrate sex pheromone. J. Comp. Phys. 176A: 55-61.Google Scholar
  5. Christensen, M.S. 1992. Investigations on the ecology and fish fauna of the Mahakam River in East Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia. Int. rev. ges. Hydrobiol. 77: 593-608.Google Scholar
  6. Davies, B.R. 1979. Stream regulation in Africa: a review. pp. 113-142. In: J.V. Ward & J.R. Stanford (ed.) The Ecology of Regulated Streams: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Regulated Streams, Erie.Google Scholar
  7. De Silva, K.H.G.M. 1991. Population dynamics and production of the rocky stream-dwelling fish Garra ceylonensis (Cyprinidae) in Sri Lanka. J. Trop. Ecol. 7: 289-303.Google Scholar
  8. Elias, H. & D.M. Hyde. 1983. Guide to practical stereology. Karger, New York. 305 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Emerson, L.S., M. Greer Walker & P.R. Witthames. 1990. A stereological method for estimating fish fecundity. J. Fish Biol. 36: 721-730.Google Scholar
  10. Gore, J.A. & G.E. Petts. 1989. Alternatives in regulated river management. CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton. 344 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Hails, A.J. & Z. Abdullah. 1974. Reproductive biology of the tropical fish Trichogaster pectoralis (Regan). J. Fish Biol. 21: 157-170.Google Scholar
  12. Harikumar, S., K.G. Padmanabhan, P.A. John & K. Kortmulder. 1994. Dry-season spawning in a cyprinid fish of southern India. Env. Biol. Fish. 39: 129-136.Google Scholar
  13. Ho, S.C. 1995. Status of limnological research and training in Malaysia. pp. 163-189. In: B. Gopal & R.G. Wetzel (ed.) Limnology in Developing Countries, International Association for Limnology, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  14. Holden, P.B. 1979. Ecology of riverine fishes in regulated stream systems with emphasis on the Colorado River. pp. 57-74. In: J.V. Ward & J.R. Stanford (ed.) The Ecology of Regulated Streams: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Regulated Streams, Erie.Google Scholar
  15. Isaac-Nahum, V.J., R. de D. Cardoso, G. Servo & C.L. del B. Rossi-Wongtschowski. 1988. Aspects of the spawning biology of the Brazilian sardine, Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1879) (Clupeidae). J. Fish Biol. 32: 383-396.Google Scholar
  16. Kirschbaum, F. 1979. Reproduction of the weakly electric fish Eigenmannia virescens (Rhamphichtyidae, Teleostei) in captivity. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 4: 331-355.Google Scholar
  17. Kirschbaum, F. 1987. Reproduction and development of the weakly electric fish, Pollimyrus isidori (Mormyridae, teleostei) in captivity. Env. Biol. Fish. 20: 11-31.Google Scholar
  18. Kramer, D.L. 1978. Reproductive seasonality in the fishes of a tropical stream. Ecology 59: 976-985.Google Scholar
  19. Lake, J.S. 1967. Rearing experiments with five species of Australian freshwater fishes I. Inducement of spawning. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 18: 137-153.Google Scholar
  20. Lam, T.J. 1983. Environmental influences on gonadal activity in fish. pp.65-116. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall & E.M. Donaldson (ed.) Fish Physiology, Volume 9B, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Liley, N.R. & N.E. Stacey. 1983. Hormones, pheromones, and reproductive behavior in fish. p. 1-63. In: W.S. Hoar, D.J. RandaIl & E.M. Donaldson (ed.) Fish Physiology, Volume 9B, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Lowe-McConnell, R.H. 1975. Fish communities in tropical freshwaters. Longman, London. 337 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Lowe-McConnell, R.H. 1987. Ecological studies in tropical fish communities. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 382 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Mann, R.H.K. & C.A. Mills. 1979 Demographic aspects of fish fecundity. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 44: 161-177.Google Scholar
  25. McAdam, D.S.O. 1994. Aspects of the reproductive biology of Puntius schwanenfeldi (Bleeker), a Malaysian cyprinid. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. 118 pp.Google Scholar
  26. McKaye, K.R. 1977. Competition for breeding sites between the cichlid fishes of Lake Jiloa, Nicaragua. Ecology 58: 291-302.Google Scholar
  27. Mohsin, A.K.M. & M.A. Ambak. 1983. Freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia. UPM Press, Serdan. 284 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Munro, A.D. 1990. Tropical freshwater fish. pp. 145-239. In: A.D. Munro, A.P. Scott & T.J. Lam (ed.) Reproductive Seasonality in Teleosts: Environmental Influences, CRC Press, Boca Raton.Google Scholar
  29. Paugy, D. 1982. Synonymie d'Alestes rutilus Blgr, 1916 avec A. macrolepidotus (Val., 1849). Biologie et variabilite morphologique. Rev. Zool. Afr. 96: 286-328.Google Scholar
  30. Poff, N.L. & J.D. Allen. 1995. Functional organization of stream fish assemblages in relation to hydrological variability. Ecology 76: 606-627.Google Scholar
  31. Reznick, D. & J.A. Endler. 1982. The impact of predation on life history evolution in Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Evolution 36: 160-177.Google Scholar
  32. Rinchard, J. & P. Kestemont. 1996. Comparative study of reproductive biology in single-and mutiple-spawner cyprinid fish. I. Morphological and histological features. J. Fish Biol. 49: 883-894.Google Scholar
  33. Roff, D.A. 1992. The evolution of life histories. Chapman and Hall, New York. 535 pp.Google Scholar
  34. Weibel, E.R. 1979. Stereological methods. Volume 1: Practical methods for biological morphometry. Academic Press, London. 408 pp.Google Scholar
  35. Welcomme, R.H. 1976. Some general and theoretical considerations on the fish yield of African rivers. J. Fish Biol. 8: 351-364.Google Scholar
  36. Welcomme, R.H. 1985. River fisheries. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. 262, Rome. 330 pp.Google Scholar
  37. West, G. 1990. Methods of assessing ovarian development in fishes: a review. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 41: 199-222.Google Scholar
  38. Wiley, M.L. & B.B. Collette. 1970. Breeding tubercles and contact organs in fishes: their occurrence, structure, and significance. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 143: 143-216.Google Scholar
  39. Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical analysis. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs. 718 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Steven O. McAdam
    • 1
  • N. Robin Liley
    • 1
  • Eddy S.P. Tan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.School of Biological ScienceUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPulau PinangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations