Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 79–96 | Cite as

Multi-Ethnic Comparison of Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Pregnancy

  • E. Helen Berry
  • Audrey M. Shillington
  • Terry Peak
  • Melinda M. Hohman


Data from a longitudinal cohort study, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, are used to examine the differences in risk and protective factors for adolescent pregnancy among four ethnic groups—non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians. The objective is the identification of differential predictors for adolescent pregnancy among each ethnic group included in the analyses, as well as better comprehension of the differences among women who experienced a teen pregnancy compared to those who did not. The model for this sample of 5,053 women indicates that higher self-esteem and a higher level of maternal education are protective factors; living in poverty as a young teen, substance use, and adolescent marriage are factors associated with an increased risk for teen pregnancy. Further, the results indicate that unique sets of predictors exist for each ethnic group. Implications of these findings are discussed.


Cohort Study Ethnic Group Social Psychology Protective Factor Maternal Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Helen Berry
    • 1
  • Audrey M. Shillington
    • 2
  • Terry Peak
    • 1
  • Melinda M. Hohman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Social Work, and AnthropologyUtah State UniversityLogan
  2. 2.School of Social WorkSan Diego State UniversitySan Diego

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