Advertisement

Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 371–387 | Cite as

Distribution Patterns of Indigenous Freshwater Fishes in the Tagus River Basin, Spain

  • José A. Carmona
  • Ignacio Doadrio
  • Ana L. Márquez
  • Raimundo Real
  • Bernard Hugueny
  • Juan M. Vargas
Article

Abstract

Classification and ordination methods used to examine the internal complexity of the Mediterranean Tagus River catchment based on fish distribution revealed that it is not a homogeneous biogeographical unit. The indigenous fishes analyzed in this study are distributed through the basin forming geographical communities (chorotypes), some of which are associated with environmental factors like river morphology, water quality or geographical location. Nevertheless, 40% of the variation in species occurrence remains unexplained by either environmental or geographical variables, suggesting that historical factors may influence the freshwater fish distribution patterns. Three main biogeographical areas, delimited by significant boundaries, were identified. Two of them are identified as the upper and the middle-lower basins of the Tagus River catchment; the third corresponds to the Alagón River and seems to be linked to historical factors of the catchment.

biogeography chorotypes environmental boundaries 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Almaça, C. 1978. Répartition géographique des Cyprinidae ibériques et sectours ichthyogéographiques de la Péninsule Ibérique. Věst. Československé Společností Zoologické 42: 241–248.Google Scholar
  2. Arenillas M. & C. Sáenz. 1987. Guía física de España: Los Rios. Alianza Editorial, Madrid. 386 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Balon, E.K. 1981. About processes which cause the evolution of guilds and species. Env. Biol. Fish. 6: 129–139.Google Scholar
  4. Balon, E.K. & D.J. Stewart. 1983. Fish assemblages in a river with unusual gradient (Luongo, Africa-Zaire system), reflections on river zonation, and description of another new species. Env. Biol. Fish. 9: 225–252.Google Scholar
  5. Balon, E.K., S.S. Crawford & A. Lelek. 1986. Fish communities of the upper Danube River (Germany, Austria) prior to the new Rhein-Main-Donau connection. Env. Biol. Fish. 15: 243–271.Google Scholar
  6. BĂnĂrescu, P. 1989. Zoogeography and history of the freshwater fish fauna of Europe. pp. 88–107. In: J. Holčík (ed.) The Freshwater Fishes of Europe, Aula-Verlag, Wiesbadem.Google Scholar
  7. Baroni-Urbani, C. & M.W. Buser. 1976. Similarity of binary data. Systematic Zoology 25: 251–259.Google Scholar
  8. Baroni-Urbani C., S. Ruffo & A. Vigna-Taglianti. 1978. Materiali per una biogeografia italiana fondata su alcuni generi di coleotteri cicincelidi, carabidi e crisomelidi. Estratto dalle Memorie della Societa Entomologica Italiana 56: 35–92.Google Scholar
  9. Boët, P., P. Allardi & J. Leroy. 1991. Le peuplement ichtyologique du bassin de l'Yonne. Bulletin Francaiçe du Pisciculture 320: 7–28.Google Scholar
  10. Borcard, D., P. Legendre & P. Drapeau. 1992. Partialling out spatial component of ecological variation. Ecology 73: 1045–1055.Google Scholar
  11. Coelho, M.M. 1985. The straight mouth portuguese Chondrostoma Agassiz 1835. II-Taxonomic position and geographic distribution of Ch. polylepis Steindachner 1865 and Ch. willkommi Steindachner 1866 with the description of a new subspecies, Ch. polylepis duriensis. Arquivos do Museu Bocage, 2a Ser. 3: 13–38.Google Scholar
  12. Coelho, M.M., R.M. Brito, T.R. Pacheco, D. Figueiredo & A.M. Pires. 1995. Genetic variation and divergence of Leuciscus pyrenaicus and Leuciscus carolitertii (Pisces, Cyprinidae). J. Fish Biol. 47(Supplement A): 243–258.Google Scholar
  13. Collares-Pereira, M.J. 1980. Population variability of Pseudophoxinus hispanicus (Steindachner 1866) (Pisces, Cyprinidae). Arquivos do Museu Bocage, 2a Ser. 7: 363–388.Google Scholar
  14. De la Peña, A. 1995. Tertiary fishes from the Iberian continental basins: history and fossil record. Coloquios de Paleontología 47: 25–47.Google Scholar
  15. Doadrio, I. 1981. Primeros datos sobre la distribución de Cobitis calderoni Bacescu 1961 (Pisces, Cyprinidae) en la Península Ibérica. Doñana, Acta Vertebrata 8: 291–293.Google Scholar
  16. Doadrio, I. 1988. Delimitation of areas in the Iberian Peninsula on the basis of the freshwater fishes. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 39: 113–128.Google Scholar
  17. Doadrio, I., B. Elvira & Y. Bernat (ed.) 1991. Peces continentales españoles. Inventario y clasificación de zonas fluviales. Colección Técnica, ICONA, Madrid. 221 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Doadrio, I. & A. Perdices. 1997. Taxonomic study of the Iberian Cobitis (Osteichthyes, Cobitidae), with a description of a new species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 119: 51–67.Google Scholar
  19. Elvira, B. 1995. Native and exotic freshwater fishes in Spanish river basins. Freshw. Biol. 33: 103–108.Google Scholar
  20. Freeman, M.C. & G.D. Grossman. 1993. Effects of habitat availability on dispersion of a stream cyprinid. Env. Biol. Fish. 37: 121–130.Google Scholar
  21. García-Marín, J.L., P.E. Jorde, N. Ryman, F. Utter & C. Pla. 1991. Management implications of genetic differentiation between native and hatchery populations of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Spain. Aquaculture 95: 235–249.Google Scholar
  22. García-Marín, J.L. & C. Pla. 1996. Origins and relationships of native populations of Salmo trutta (brown trout) in Spain. Heredity 73: 313–323.Google Scholar
  23. Gilliam, J. F., D.F. Fraser & M. Alkins-Koo. 1993. Structure of a tropical stream fish community: a role for biotic interactions. Ecology 74: 1856–1870.Google Scholar
  24. Grossman, G.D., P.B. Moyle & J.O. Whitaker. 1982. Stochasticity in structural and functional characteristics of an Indiana stream fish assemblage: a test of community theory. Amer. Natur. 120: 423–454.Google Scholar
  25. Grossman, G.D., M.C, Freeman, P.B. Moyle & J.O. Whitaker. 1985. Stochasticity and assemblage organization in an Indiana stream fish assemblage. Amer. Natur. 126: 275–285.Google Scholar
  26. Grossman, G.D., A. de Sostoa, M.C. Freeman & J. Lobón-Cerviá. 1987. Microhabitat use in a Mediterranean riverine fish assemblage: fishes of the lower Matarraña. Oecologia 73: 490–500.Google Scholar
  27. Hernando, J.A. & M.C. Soriguer 1992. Biogeography of the freshwater fish of the Iberian Peninsula. Limnetica 8: 243–253.Google Scholar
  28. Huet, M. 1959. Profiles and biology of Western European streams as related to fish management. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 88: 155–163.Google Scholar
  29. Hugueny, B. 1990. Biogéographie et structure des peuplements de poissons d'eau douce de l'Afrique de l'Ouest: approches quantitatives. pp. 296. In: ORSTOM (ed.) Travaux et Documents Microédités No. 65, Paris.Google Scholar
  30. Hutchison, M.J. 1993. Spatial variation in composition and richness of fish communities in a southwestern Australian river system. Ecological Research 8: 297–311.Google Scholar
  31. Jackson, D.A., K.M. Somers & H.H. Harvey. 1992. Null models and fish communities: evidence of nonrandom patterns. Amer. Natur. 139: 930–951.Google Scholar
  32. Kolasa, J. 1989. Ecological systems in hierarchical perspective: breaks in community structure and other consequences. Ecology 70: 36–47.Google Scholar
  33. Lelek, A. 1989. The Rhine River and some of its tributaries under human impact in the last two centuries. pp. 469–487. In: D.P. Dodge (ed.) Proceedings of the International Large River Symposium, Canadian Special Publication Fish. Aqua. Sci. 106, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  34. Lobón-Cerviá, J. 1991. Dinámica de poblaciones de peces en ríos: pesca eléctrica y métodos de capturas sucesivas en la estima de abundancias. Monografías, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, C.S.I.C., Madrid. 156 pp.Google Scholar
  35. López-Martínez, N. 1989. Tendencias en paleobiogeografía. El futuro de la biogeografía del pasado. pp. 271–299. In: E. Aguirre (ed.) Paleontología, C.S.I.C., Madrid.Google Scholar
  36. Magalhäes, M.F. 1993. Feeding of an Iberian stream cyprinid assemblage: seasonality of resource use in a highly variable environment. Oecologia 96: 253–260.Google Scholar
  37. Mahon, R. 1984. Divergent structure in fish taxocenes of north temperate streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 41: 330–350.Google Scholar
  38. Márquez, A.L., R. Real, J.M. Vargas & A.E. Salvo. 1997. On identifying common distribution patterns and their causal factors: a probabilistic method applied to pteridophytes in the Iberian Peninsula. J. Biogeography 24: 613–631.Google Scholar
  39. Matthews, W.J. & H.W. Robison 1988. Distribution of the fishes of Arkansas: a multivariate analysis. Copeia 1988: 358–374.Google Scholar
  40. McCoy, E.D., S.S. Bell & K. Walters. 1986. Identifying biotic boundaries along environmental gradients. Ecology 67: 749–759.Google Scholar
  41. Minshall, G.W., K.W. Cummins, R.C. Petersen, C.E. Cushing, D.A. Bruns, J.R. Sedell & R.L. Vannote. 1985. Developments in stream ecosystem theory. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 1045–1055.Google Scholar
  42. Myers, G.S. 1951. Fresh-water fishes and East Indian zoogeography. Standford Ichthyol. Bull. 4: 11–21.Google Scholar
  43. Oberdorff, T. & R.M. Hughes. 1992. Modification of an index of biotic integrity based on fish assemblages to characterize rivers of the Seine Basin, France. Hydrobiologia 288: 117–130.Google Scholar
  44. Oberdoff, T., E. Guilbert & J.C. Lucchetta. 1993. Patterns of fish species richness in the Seine River basin, France. Hydrobiology 259: 157–167.Google Scholar
  45. Penczak, T. & R.H.K. Mann. 1990. The impact of stream order on fish populations in the Pilica drainage basin, Poland. Polskie Archiv. Hydrobiol. 37: 243–261.Google Scholar
  46. Penczak, T., I. Forbes, T.F. Coles, T. Atkin & T. Hill. 1991. Fish community structure in the rivers of Lincolnshire and south Humberside, England. Hydrobiologia 211: 1–9.Google Scholar
  47. Pusey, B.J., A.H. Arthingtonn & M.G. Read. 1993. Spatial and temporal variation in fish assemblage structure in the Mary River, south-eastern Queensland: the influence of habitat structure. Env. Biol. Fish. 37: 355–380.Google Scholar
  48. Real, R., J.C. Guerrero & J.M. Ramírez. 1992. Identificación de fronteras bióticas significativas para los anfibios en la cuenca hidrográfica del sur de España. Doñana, Acta Vertebrata 19: 53–70.Google Scholar
  49. Real, R. & J.M. Vargas. 1996. The probabilistic basis of Jaccard's index of similarity. Systematic Biology 45: 380–385.Google Scholar
  50. Real, R., J.M. Vargas & A. Antúnez. 1993. Environmental influences on local amphibian diversity: the role of floods on river basins. Biodiversity and Conservation 2: 376–399.Google Scholar
  51. Rodriguez-Jimenez, A. J. 1987. Notas sobre la ecología de Rutilus lemmingii (Steindachner 1866) (Pisces, Cyprinidae). Ecología 1: 247–256.Google Scholar
  52. Sneath, P.H. & R.R. Sokal. 1973. Numerical taxonomy. The principles and practices of numerical classification. Freeman, San Francisco. 573 pp.Google Scholar
  53. Strange, E.M., P.B. Moyle & T.C. Foin. 1992. Interactions between stochastic and deterministic processes in stream fish community assembly. Env. Biol. Fish. 36: 1–15.Google Scholar
  54. Ter Braak, C.J.F. 1986. Canonical correspondence analysis: a new eigenvector technique for multivariate direct gradient analysis. Ecology 67: 1167–1179.Google Scholar
  55. Vannote, R.L., G.W. Minshall, K.W. Cummins, J.R. Sedell & C.E. Cushing. 1980. The river continuum concept. Can. J. Fish. and Aquat. Sci. 37: 130–137.Google Scholar
  56. Wald, A. 1943. Tests of statistical hypotheses concerning several parameters with applications to problems of estimation. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 54: 426–482.Google Scholar
  57. Zimmerman, H.J. 1985. Fuzzy set theory and its applications. Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing, Dordrecht. 363 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • José A. Carmona
    • 1
  • Ignacio Doadrio
    • 1
  • Ana L. Márquez
    • 2
  • Raimundo Real
    • 2
  • Bernard Hugueny
    • 3
  • Juan M. Vargas
    • 2
  1. 1.Museo Nacional de Ciencias NaturalesMadridSpain (e-mail
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología Animal. Facacultad de CienciasUniversidad de MálagaMálagaSpain
  3. 3.Laboratoir du Ecologie des Eaux DoucesCNRS, URA 1974Villeurbanne CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations