Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 275–282

Fish Colonization of an Artificial Reef in the Gulf of Elat, Northern Red Sea

  • Daniel Golani
  • Ariel Diamant

DOI: 10.1023/A:1007528210270

Cite this article as:
Golani, D. & Diamant, A. Environmental Biology of Fishes (1999) 54: 275. doi:10.1023/A:1007528210270


A small near shore artificial reef was constructed in the Gulf of Elat, northern Red Sea at a depth of 22–24 m. The colonization of fishes was monitored for a period of 728 days and a total of 94 species was recorded. Colonization was initially rapid. The first species to appear were Dascyllus trimaculatus and Chaetodon paucifasciatus (day 2). In the first seven months, a gradual increase in the number of species was observed, after which it leveled off. Subsequently, a reduction in the number of individuals increased diversity of the community, as measured by the Shannon & Weaver index. The low complexity of the major components of the artificial reef, in addition to its location on a muddy, silty substrate, resulted in a constant cover of fine grain particles which presumably discouraged settlement of invertebrates and small cryptic fish species on the artificial reef.

fish community recruitment patterns diversity 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Golani
    • 1
  • Ariel Diamant
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Evolution, Systematics and EcologyThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael (e-mail
  2. 2.National Center of MaricultureIsrael Oceanographic and Limnological Research Ltd.EilatIsrael (e-mail

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