Sociological Forum

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 225–247 | Cite as

Competing Identities? Race, Ethnicity and Panethnicity Among Dominicans in the United States

  • Jose Itzigsohn
  • Carlos Dore-Cabral
Article
  • 243 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper we explore the racial and ethnic self-identification of Dominican immigrants in the United States. This issue is central in understanding how immigrants experience the process of incorporation into American society. We argue that as Dominican immigrants incorporate to American life, they adopt a Hispanic or Latino identity. This identity serves both as a form of racial identification within the American racial stratification system and as a form of assertive panethnic identity. This identity, however, does not supersede national identification, which remains the anchoring identity.

panethnicity race identity immigration incorporation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alba, Richard 1990 Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Andrade, A. Rolando 1990 “Latino students: struggle for identity.” Latino Studies Journal 1: 48-59.Google Scholar
  3. Bean, Frank and Marta Tienda 1987 The Hispanic Population in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  4. Bourdieu, Pierre 1991 Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge: Harvard University Press [first published in French in 1991].Google Scholar
  5. Chevan, Albert 1990 “Hispanic racial identity: beyond social class.” Paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Washington, D.C. August 1990.Google Scholar
  6. Cornell, Stephen 1988 The Return of the Native: American Indian Political Resurgence. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. — 1990 “Land, labour, and group formation: Blacks and Indians in the United States.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 13(3): 368-388.Google Scholar
  8. Cornell, Stephen and Douglas Hartmann 1998 Ethnicity and Race: Making Identities in a Changing World. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.Google Scholar
  9. Cortina, Rodolfo 1990 “Cubans in Miami: Ethnic identification and behavior.” Latino Studies Journal 1: 60-73.Google Scholar
  10. Denton, Nancy A. and Douglass S. Massey 1989 “Racial identity among Caribbean Hispanics: The effect of double minority status on residential segregation.” American Sociological Review 54: 790-808.Google Scholar
  11. Dore-Cabral, Carlos 1995 “Encuesta Rumbo-Gallup: La población dominicana es mas antihaitiana que racista.” Rumbo 29: 8-12.Google Scholar
  12. Duany, Jorge 1994 Quisqueya on the Hudson: The Transnational Identity of Dominicans in Washington Heights. New York: The CUNY Dominican Studies Institute.Google Scholar
  13. Espiritu, Yen Le 1992 Asian American Panethnicity, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Espiritu, Yen Le and Paul Ong 199 “Class constraints on racial solidarity among Asian Americans.” In Paul Ong, Edna Bonacich and Lucie Chang (eds.), The New Asian Immigration in Los Angeles and Global Restructuring: 295-331. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Gimenez, Martha E 1992 “U.S. ethnic politics: Implications for Latin Americans.” Latin American Perspectives 19(4): 7-17.Google Scholar
  16. Grasmuck, Sherri and Patricia Pessar 1991 Between Two Islands: Dominican International Migration. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  17. — 1995 “First and second generation settlement of dominicans in the United States: 1960-1990.” In Silvia Pedraza and Ruben Rumbaut (eds.), Origins and Destinies: Immigration, Race and Ethnicity in America. Belmont: Watsworth Press.Google Scholar
  18. Guarnizo, Luis E. 1992 “One Country in Two: Dominican-Owned Enterprises in New York and the Dominican Republic.” Ph.D. Dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  19. — 1994 “Los Dominicanyorks: The making of a binational society.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 533: 70-86.Google Scholar
  20. Hernandez, Ramona, Francisco Rivera-Batiz, and Roberto Agodin 1995 Dominican New Yorkers: A Socioeconomic Profile. New York: The CUNY Dominican Studies Institute.Google Scholar
  21. Lopez, David and Yen Le Espiritu 1990 “Panethnicity in the United States: A theoretical framework.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 13: 198-224.Google Scholar
  22. Massey, Douglas S. 1993 “Latinos, poverty, and the underclass: A new agenda for research.” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 15: 449–475.Google Scholar
  23. Melville, Margarita B. 1986 “Hispanics: Race, class or ethnicity?” The Journal of Ethnic Studies 16(1): 67–83.Google Scholar
  24. Moore, Joan 1990 “Hispanic/Latino: Imposed label or real identity?” Latino Studies Journal 1: 33–47.Google Scholar
  25. Nagel Joanne 1994 “Constructing ethnicity: Creating and recreating ethnic identity and culture.” Social Problems 41: 152–176.Google Scholar
  26. — 1996 American Indian Ethnic Renewal. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Oboler, Suzanne 1992 “The politics of labeling: Latino/a cultural identities of self and other.” Latin American Perspectives 19: 18–36.Google Scholar
  28. — 1995 Ethnic Labels, Latino Lives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  29. Omi, Michael and Howard Winant 1994 Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  30. Padilla, Felix 1984 “On the nature of Latino ethnicity.” Social Science Quarterly 65: 651–664.Google Scholar
  31. — 1985 Latino Ethnic Consciousness. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
  32. Phinney, J.S., M. Devich-Navarro, S. Du-Pont, A. Estrada, and M. Onwughalu 1994 “Biculturalism among African American and Mexican American adolescents.” Paper presented at the Society for Research on Adolescence, San Diego, CA, May 1994.Google Scholar
  33. Portes, Alejandro and Dag MacLeod 1996 “What shall I call myself? Hispanic identity rormation in the second generation.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 19(3): 523–547.Google Scholar
  34. Rodriguez, Clara 1992 “Race, culture, and Latino 'otherness' in the 1980 Census.” Social Science Quarterly 73: 931–937.Google Scholar
  35. Rodriguez, Clara, Ada Castro, Oscar Garcia, and Analisa Torres 1991 “Latino racial identity: In the eye of the beholder.” Latino Studies Journal 2(3): 33–48.Google Scholar
  36. Rodriguez, Clara and Hector Cordero-Guzman 1992 “Placing race in context.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 15(4): 523–541.Google Scholar
  37. Torres-Saillant, Silvio 1998 “The tribulations of Blackness: Stages in Dominican racial identity.” Latin American Perspectives 25(3): 126–146.Google Scholar
  38. Waters, Mary 1990 Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  39. — 1994 “Ethnic and racial identities of second-generation Black immigrants in New York City.” International Migration Review 28(4): 795–820.Google Scholar
  40. Yancey, William, Eugene Erikson, and Richard Juliani 1976 “Emergent ethnicity: A review and reformulation.” American Sociological Review 41: 391–403.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jose Itzigsohn
    • 1
  • Carlos Dore-Cabral
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyBrown UniversityProvidence
  2. 2.Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO)Santo DomingoDominican Republic

Personalised recommendations