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Neurochemical Research

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 781–790 | Cite as

Calpain-PKC Inter-Relations in Mouse Hippocampus: A Biochemical Approach

  • Katia Touyarot
  • Sylvie Poussard
  • Catherine Verret
  • Bernadette Aragon
  • Patrick Cottin
  • Xavier Nogues
  • Jacques Micheau
Article

Abstract

In previous studies, we isolated and identified a μ-calpain/PKCα complex from rabbit skeletal muscle. Here, we have used specific purification procedures in order to study the interactions between μ-calpain and PKC in mouse hippocampus, a brain structure implicated in memory processes. We observed that μ-calpain and conventional PKCs (α, βII and γ) are co-eluted after anion exchange chromatography. In contrast to our previous results obtained on skeletal muscle, μ-calpain and PKC isoenzymes were dissociated after gel filtration chromatography. Furthermore, μ-calpain induced the proteolytic conversion of PKCα, βII, and γ into PKMα, βII, and γ with a preferential hydrolysis of PKCγ, a specific isoenzyme of the nervous system. Although the μ-calpain/PKC interactions in the hippocampus are quite different from skeletal muscle, our results however, point out the functional importance of these inter-relations. Moreover, as PKCγ has been involved in the biochemical events underlying learning and memory, the preferential relationship between μ-calpain and PKCγ promotes the importance of the role that μ-calpain could play in the cellular mechanisms of memory formation.

Calpain PKC PKM proteolysis hippocampus 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katia Touyarot
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sylvie Poussard
    • 1
  • Catherine Verret
    • 1
  • Bernadette Aragon
    • 1
  • Patrick Cottin
    • 1
  • Xavier Nogues
    • 2
  • Jacques Micheau
    • 3
  1. 1.ISTAB, Laboratoire de Biochimie et Technologie des AlimentsUniversité Bordeaux I, UA-INRA 429Talence CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Neurosciences CognitivesUniversité Bordeaux I, CNRS-UMR 5807Talence CedexFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Neurosciences CognitivesUniversité Bordeaux I, CNRS-UMR 5807Talence CedexFrance

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