Agriculture and Human Values

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 303–310 | Cite as

Biological control and agricultural modernization: Towards resolution of some contradictions

  • Miguel A. Altieri
  • Peter M. Rosset
  • Clara I. Nicholls
Article

Abstract

An emergent contradiction in the contemporary development of biological control is that of the prevalence of the substitution of periodic releases of natural enemies for chemical insecticides and the dominance of biotechnologically developed transgenic crops. Input substitution leaves in place the monoculture nature of agroecosystems, which in itself is a key factor in encouraging pest problems. Biotechnology, now under corporate control, creates more dependency and can potentially lead to Bt resistance, thus excluding from the market a key biopesticide. Approaches for putting back biological control into the hands of farmers (from artesanal biotechnology for grassroots biopesticide production Cuban style to farmer-to-farmer IPM networks, etc.) have been developed as a way to create a farmer centered approach to biological control

Biological control Environmental policy IPM programs 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel A. Altieri
    • 1
  • Peter M. Rosset
    • 1
  • Clara I. Nicholls
    • 1
  1. 1.ESPM-Division of Insect BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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