Advertisement

Journal of Cultural Economics

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 15–32 | Cite as

The Moral Rights of Artists: Droit Moral ou Droit Pécuniaire?

  • Michael Rushton
Article

Abstract

An artist's moral rights consist of the right to be identified as the creator of a work (Attribution), the right to decide when and whether to publish the work (Disclosure), the right to withdraw a work from circulation (Withdrawal), and the right to preserve the integrity of the work (Integrity). As there are two main schools of thought on the monetary aspects of copyright, so are there two schools on moral rights. Canada embodies two legal traditions, and so provides an interesting case study of moral rights legislation. The main interests for economists studying moral rights are (i) the extent to which moral rights should be tied to monetary rights, and (ii) the extent to which moral rights should be alienable.

moral rights copyright economic analysis of law 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aide, Christopher (1990) “A More Comprehensive Soul: Romantic Conceptions of Authorship and the Copyright Doctrine of Moral Right”, University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review 48: 211–228.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, Judith and Lalonde, Pierre (1996) “Copyright Modernization and Cultural Sovereignty in Canada”, paper presented at the 9th International Conference on Cultural Economics, Boston.Google Scholar
  3. Baker, C. Edwin (1995) “The Ideology of the Economic Analysis of Law”, Philosophy and Public Affairs 5: 3–48.Google Scholar
  4. Berg, Jeff (1991) “Moral Rights: A Legal, Historical and Anthropological Reappraisal”, Intellectual Property Journal 6: 341–376.Google Scholar
  5. Besen, Stanley M. and Kirby, S.N. (1989) “Private Copying, Appropriability, and Optimal Copying Royalties”, Journal of Law and Economics 32: 255–280.Google Scholar
  6. Besen, Stanley M. and Raskind, Leo J. (1991) “An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Intellecutal Property”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 5(1): 3–27.Google Scholar
  7. Bowrey, Kathy (1994) “Copyright, the Paternity of Artistic Works, and the Challenge Posed by Postmodern Artists”, Intellectual Property Journal 8: 285–317.Google Scholar
  8. Breyer, Stephen (1970) “The Uneasy Case for Copyright: A Study of Copyright in Books, Photocopies, and Computer Programs”, Harvard Law Review 84: 281–351.Google Scholar
  9. Burrows, Paul (1994) “Justice, Efficiency and Copyright in Cultural Goods”, in Alan Peacock and Ilde Rizzo, eds., Cultural Economics and Cultural Policies. Kluwer, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  10. Calabresi, Guido and Melamed, A. Douglas (1972) “Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Inalienability: One View of the Cathedral”, Harvard Law Review 85: 1089–1128.Google Scholar
  11. Canada (1957) Royal Commission on Patents, Copyright, Trade Marks and Industrial Designs: Report on Copyright. Queen's Printer, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  12. Canada (1971) Report on Intellectual and Industrial Property. Economic Council of Canada, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  13. Canada (1977) Copyright in Canada: Proposals for a Revision of the Law. By A.A. Keyes and C. Brunet. Consumer and Corporate Affairs, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  14. Canada (1984) From Gutenberg to Telidon: A White Paper on Copyright. Consumer and Corporate Affairs, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  15. Canada (1985) A Charter of Rights for Creators: Report of the Sub-Committee on the Revision of Copyright. Supply and Services, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  16. Coase, R.H (1960) “The Problem of Social Cost”, Journal of Law and Economics 3: 1–44.Google Scholar
  17. Coleman, Jules L. (1984) “Economics and the Law: A Critical Review of the Foundations of the Economic Approach to Law”, Ethics 94: 649–679.Google Scholar
  18. Cornish, W.R. (1995) “Authors in Law”, Modern Law Review 58: 1–16.Google Scholar
  19. Dworkin, Gerald (1994) “Moral Rights and the Common Law Countries”, Australian Intellectual Property Journal 5: 5–36.Google Scholar
  20. Earle, Edward (1991) “The Effect of Romanticism on the 19th Century Development of Copyright Law”, Intellecutal Property Journal 6: 269–290.Google Scholar
  21. Epstein, Richard A. (1975) “Unconscionability: A Critical Reappraisal”, Journal of Law and Economics 18: 293–315.Google Scholar
  22. Epstein, Richard A. (1985) “Why Restrain Alienation?”, Columbia Law Review 85: 970–990.Google Scholar
  23. Foucault, Michel (1992) “What is an Author?” in Charles Harrison and Paul Wood, eds., Art in Theory: 1900–1990. Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  24. Fox, Harold G. (1945–46) “Some Points of Interest in the Law of Copyright”, University of Toronto Law Journal 6: 100–144.Google Scholar
  25. Gendreau, Ysolde (1993) “The Continuing Saga of Colourization in France”, Intellectual Property Journal 7: 340–349.Google Scholar
  26. Ginsburg, Jane (1990) “A Tale of Two Copyrights: Literary Property in Revolutionary France and America”, Tulane Law Review 64: 991–1031.Google Scholar
  27. Goldstein, Paul (1994) Copyright's Highway: The Law and Lore of Copyright from Gutenberg to the Celestial Jukebox. Hill and Wang, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Hansmann, Henry and Santilli, Marina (1997) “Authors' and Artists' Moral Rights: A Comparative Legal and Economic Analysis”, Journal of Legal Studies 26: 95–143.Google Scholar
  29. Hurt, Robert M. and Schuchman, Robert M. (1966) “The Economic Rationale of Copyright”, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings 56: 421–432.Google Scholar
  30. Johnson, William R. (1985) “The Economics of Copying”, Journal of Political Economy 93: 158–174.Google Scholar
  31. Kaplan, Benjamin (1967) An Unhurried View of Copyright. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  32. Koboldt, Christian (1995) “Intellectual Propterty and Optimal Copyright Protection”, Journal of Cultural Economics 19: 131–155.Google Scholar
  33. Landes, William M. and Posner, Richard A. (1989) “An Economic Analysis of Copyright Law”, Journal of Legal Studies 18: 325–363.Google Scholar
  34. Musgrave, Richard A. (1959) The Theory of Public Finance. McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  35. Musgrave, Richard A. (1987) “Merit Goods”, in J. Eatwell, M. Milgate, and P. Newman, eds., The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics. Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  36. Netanel, Neil (1994) “Alienability Restrictions and the Enhancement of Author Autonomy in United States and Continental Copyright Law”, Cardozo Arts and Entertainment Law Journal 12: 1–78.Google Scholar
  37. Netanel, Neil (1996) “Copyright and a Democratic Civil Society”, Yale Law Journal 106: 283–387.Google Scholar
  38. Novos, Ian E. and Waldman, Michael (1984) “The Effects of Increased Copyright Protection: An Analytic Approach”, Journal of Political Economy 92: 236–246.Google Scholar
  39. Patterson, Lyman Ray (1968) Copyright in Historical Perspective. Vanderbilt University Press, Nashville.Google Scholar
  40. Posner, Richard A. (1988) Law and Literature. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  41. Posner, Richard A. (1992) Economic Analysis of Law, 4th edition. Little, Brown and Company, Boston.Google Scholar
  42. Radin, Margaret Jane (1996) Contested Commodities. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  43. Roberts, R.J. (1979) “Canadian Copyright: Natural Property or Mere Monopoly”, Canadian Patent Reporter (2nd series) 40: 33–54.Google Scholar
  44. Roeder, Martin A. (1940) “The Doctrine of Moral Right: A Study in the Law of Artists, Authors, and Creators”, Harvard Law Review 53: 554–578.Google Scholar
  45. Rushton, Michael (1997) “When in Rome...:Amending Canada's Copyright Act”, Canadian Public Policy 23: 317–330.Google Scholar
  46. Taylor, Charles (1995) “Irreducibly Social Goods”, in Philosophical Arguments. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  47. Toupin, Benoit (1993) “Moral Rights under Copyright Legislation: In Search of their True Nature”, Canadian Patent Reporter (3rd series) 45: 289–335.Google Scholar
  48. Trebilcock, M.J. (1976) “The Doctrine of Inequality of Bargaining Power: Post-Benthamite Economics in the House of Lords”, University of Toronto Law Journal 26: 359–385.Google Scholar
  49. Vaver, David (1983) “Snow v The Eaton Centre: Wreaths on Sculpture Prove Accolade for Artists' Moral Rights”, Canadian Business Law Journal 8: 81–90.Google Scholar
  50. Vaver, David (1987) “Authors' Moral Rights – Reform Proposals in Canada: Charter or Barter of Rights for Creators?”, Osgoode Hall Law Journal 25: 749–786.Google Scholar
  51. Wyburn, Mary (1995) “The Attorney-General's Department's Moral Rights Discussion Paper: Background and Proposals”, Australian Business Law Review 23: 318–339.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Rushton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of ReginaSaskatchewanCanada S4S 0A2

Personalised recommendations