Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 133–147

Regional and longitudinal patterns of fish community structure in the Seine River basin, France

  • Jérôme Belliard
  • Philippe Boët
  • Evelyne Tales
Article

Abstract

The fish communities of 371 sites from 4 natural regions of the Seine River basin were studied. The sites were located from small to medium size rivers (catchment area : 5 to 3895 km2). We examined the differences between local communities according to river size (estimated by catchment area) and region. In the Seine River basin, fish communities follow a general organisation rule: total species richness increases with river size and importance of limnophilic species versus rheophilic ones increases from upstream to downstream. However, fish communities show differences of total species richness, species richness of reproductive groups and species composition between the four natural regions of the basin. Particularly, river size and regional organisation of environmental factors interact on species composition of communities and several regional patterns of longitudinal changes of fish communities are identified. The origin and range of regional differences of fish communities are discussed according to historical and environmental factors.

Species richness Reproductive groups Assemblages Longitudinal changes Ecoregion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Angermeier, P.L. & J.R. Karr. 1983. Fish communities along environmental gradients in a system of tropical streams. Env. Biol. Fish. 9: 117–135.Google Scholar
  2. Arrignon, J. 1972. Zonation piscicole de quelques cours d'eau normands (France). Ver. internat. Verein. Limnol. 18: 1135–1146.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey, R.G. 1983. Delineation of ecosystem regions. Environmental Management 7: 365–373.Google Scholar
  4. Balon, E.K. 1975. Reproductive guilds of fishes: a proposal and definition. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 32: 821–864.Google Scholar
  5. Balon, E.K. 1981. Additions and amendments to the classification of reproductive styles in fishes. Env. Biol. Fish. 6: 377–389.Google Scholar
  6. Balon, E.K., S.S. Crawford & A. Lelek. 1986. Fish communities of the upper Danube River (Germany, Austria) prior to the new Rhein-Main-Donau connection. Env. Biol. Fish. 15: 243–271.Google Scholar
  7. Balon, E.K. & D.J. Stewart. 1983. Fish assemblages in a river with unusual gradient (Luongo, Africa-Zaire system), reflections on river zonation, and description of another new species. Env. Biol. Fish. 9: 225–252.Google Scholar
  8. BĂnĂrescu, P.M. 1989. Zoogeography and history of the freshwater fish fauna of Europe. pp. 88–107. In: J. Holčík (ed.) The Freshwater Fishes of Europe, Volume 1/II, General Introduction to Fishes, Acipenseriformes, AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  9. Beecher, H.A., E.R. Dott & R.F. Fernau. 1988. Fish species richness and stream order in Washington State streams. Env. Biol. Fish. 22: 193–209.Google Scholar
  10. Belliard, J. 1994. Le peuplement ichtyologique du bassin de la Seine. Rôle et signification des échelles temporelles et spatiales. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Paris VI. 197 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Berkman, H.E. & C.F. Rabeni. 1987. Effect of siltation on stream fish communities. Env. Biol. Fish. 18: 285–294.Google Scholar
  12. Błachuta, J. & A. Witkowski 1990. The longitudinal changes of fish community, in the Nyza Klodzka River (Sudety Mountains) in relation to stream order. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 37: 232–242.Google Scholar
  13. Boët, P., J. Allardi & J. Leroy. 1991. Le peuplement ichtyologique du bassin de l'Yonne. Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. 320: 7–28.Google Scholar
  14. Chessel, D. & S. Dolédec. 1993. ADE Version 3.6: HyperCard stacks and QuickBasic Microsoft programme library for the analysis of environmental data. University of Lyon I.Google Scholar
  15. Cornell, H.V. & J.H. Lawton. 1992. Species interaction, local and regional processes, and limits of ecological communities: a theoretical perspective. J. Anim. Ecol. 61: 1–12.Google Scholar
  16. Degerman, E. & B. Sers. 1992. Fish assemblages in Swedish streams. Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research 67: 61–71.Google Scholar
  17. Dupias, G. & P. Rey. 1985. Document pour un zonage des régions phyto-écologiques. CNRS, Toulouse. 39 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Echelle, A.A. & G.D. Schnell. 1976. Factor analysis of species associations among fishes of the Kiamichi River, Oklaoma. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 1: 17–31.Google Scholar
  19. Fausch, K.D., J.R. Karr & P.R. Yant. 1984. Regional application of an index of biotic integrity based on stream fish communities. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 113: 39–55.Google Scholar
  20. Gatz, A.J. & A.L. Harig. 1993. Decline in the index of biotic integrity of Delaware Run, Ohio, over 50 years. Ohio J. Sci. 93: 95–100.Google Scholar
  21. Gauch, H.G. 1982. Multivariate analysis in community ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 298 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Gorman, O.T. & J.R. Karr. 1978. Habitat structure and stream fish communities. Ecology 59: 507–515.Google Scholar
  23. Hawkes, C.L., D.L. Miller & W.G. Layher. 1986. Fish ecoregions of Kansas: stream fish assemblage patterns and associated environmental correlates. Env. Biol. Fish. 17: 267–279.Google Scholar
  24. Holčík, J. 1989. Fishes and their environment. pp. 64–87. In: J. Holčík (ed.) The Freshwater Fishes of Europe, Volume1/II, General Introduction to Fishes, Acipenseriformes, AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  25. Holčík, J. 1990. Effects of hydraulic engineering on habitat and fish community in river anabranches of the middle Danube. pp 14–24. In: W.L.T. Van Densen, B. Steinmetz & R.H. Hughes (ed.) Management of Freshwater Fisheries, Pudo.Google Scholar
  26. Horwitz, R.J. 1978. Temporal vatiability patterns and the distributional patterns of stream fishes. Ecol. Monogr. 48: 307–321.Google Scholar
  27. Huet, M. 1949. Aperçu des relations entre la pente et les populations piscicoles des eaux courantes. Scheiw. Z. Hydrol. 11: 332–351.Google Scholar
  28. Huet, M. 1954. Biologie, profils en long et en travers des eaux courantes. Bulletin Français de Pisciculture 175: 41–53.Google Scholar
  29. Huet, M. 1959. Prond biology of western European streams as related to fish management. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 88: 155–163.Google Scholar
  30. Huet, M., A. Lelek, J. Libosvársky & M. Peňáz 1969. Contribution à l'identification des zones piscicoles de quelques cours d'eau de Moravie (Tchécoslovaquie). Ver. internat. Verein. Limnol. 17: 1103–1111.Google Scholar
  31. Hughes, R.M. & D.P. Larsen 1988. Ecoregions: an approach to surface water protection. Journal Water Pollution Control Federation 60: 486–493.Google Scholar
  32. Hughes, R.M. & J.M. Omernik. 1983. An alternative for characterizing stream size. pp 87–101. In: T.D. Fontaine & S.M. Bartell (ed.) Dynamics of Lotic Ecosystems, Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  33. Hugueny, B. & D. Paugy. 1995. Unsaturated fish communities in African rivers. Amer. Nat. 146: 162–169.Google Scholar
  34. Legendre, L. & P. Legendre. 1984a. Ecologie numérique. 2. La structure des données écologiques. Masson, Paris. 260 pp.Google Scholar
  35. Legendre, P. & V. Legendre. 1984b. Postglacial dispersal of freshwater fishes in the Québec peninsula. Can. J. Fish. Aqu. Sci. 41: 1781–1802.Google Scholar
  36. Lelek, A. 1987. The Freshwater Fishes of Europe, Volume 9, Threatened fishes of Europe. AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden. 343 pp.Google Scholar
  37. Mahon, R. 1984. Divergent structure in fish taxocenes of north temperate streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 41: 330–350.Google Scholar
  38. Matthews, W.J. & H.W. Robison. 1988. The distribution of the fishes of Arkansas: a multivariate analysis. Copeia 1988: 358–374.Google Scholar
  39. Mills, C.A. & A. Eloranta. 1985. Reproductive strategies in the stone loach, Noemacheilus barbatulus. Oikos 44: 341–349.Google Scholar
  40. Morin, R. & R.J. Naiman. 1990. The relation of stream order to fish community dynamics in boreal forest watersheds. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 37: 135–150.Google Scholar
  41. Naismith, I.A. & B. Knights. 1993. The distribution, density and growth of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla, in the freshwater catchment of the River Thames. J. Fish Biol. 42: 217–226.Google Scholar
  42. Oberdorff, T., E. Guilbert & J.C. Luchetta. 1993. Patterns of fish species richness in the Seine River basin, France. Hydrobiologia 259: 157–167.Google Scholar
  43. Oberdorff, T. & R.M. Hughes. 1992. Modification of an index of biotic integrity based on fish assemblages to characterize rivers of the Seine Basin, France. Hydrobiologia 228: 117–130.Google Scholar
  44. Omernik, J.M. 1987. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 77: 118–125.Google Scholar
  45. Penczak, T., I. Forbes, T.F. Coles, T. Atkin & T. Hill. 1991. Fish community structure in the rivers of Lincolnshire and south Humberside, England. Hydrobiologia 211: 1–9.Google Scholar
  46. Penczak, T. & R.H.K. Mann. 1990. The impact of stream order on fish populations in the Pilica drainage basin, Poland. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 37: 243–261.Google Scholar
  47. Przybylski, M. 1993. Longitudinal pattern in fish assemblages in the upper Warta River, Poland. Arch. Hydrobiol. 126: 499–512.Google Scholar
  48. Rohm, C.M. & J.W. Giese. 1987. Evaluation of an aquatic ecoregion classification of streams in Arkansas. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 4: 127–140.Google Scholar
  49. Schiemer, F., T. Spindler, H. Winterberger, A. Schneider & A. Chovanec. 1991. Fish fry associations: important indicators for the ecological status of large rivers. Ver. internat. Verein. Limnol. 24: 2497–2500.Google Scholar
  50. Schlosser, I.J. 1982. Fish community structure and function along two habitat gradients in a headwater stream. Ecol. Monogr. 52: 395–414.Google Scholar
  51. Schlosser, I.J. 1991. Stream fish ecology: a landscape perspective. Bioscience 41: 704–712.Google Scholar
  52. Sheldon, A.L. 1968. Species diversity and longitudinal succession in stream fishes. Ecology 49: 193–198.Google Scholar
  53. Spillmann, C.J. 1961. Poissons d'eau douce. Fédération française des Sociétés de Sciences Naturelles, Paris. 303 pp.Google Scholar
  54. Verneaux, J. 1977a. Biotypologie de l'écosystème ‘eau courante’. Déterminisme approché de la structure biotypologique. C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris 284: 77–79.Google Scholar
  55. Verneaux, J. 1977b. Biotypologie de l'écosystème ‘eau courante’. Détermination approchée de l'appartenance typologique d'un peuplement ichtyologique. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 284: 675–678.Google Scholar
  56. Whittier, T.R., R.M. Hughes & D.P. Larsen. 1988. Correspondence between ecoregions and spatial patterns in stream ecosystems in Oregon. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45: 1264–1278.Google Scholar
  57. Zalewski, M., P. Frankiewicz, M. Przybylski, J. Banbura & N, Nowak. 1990. Structure and dynamics of fish communities in temperate rivers in relation to the abiotic-biotic regulatory continuum concept. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 37: 151–176.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérôme Belliard
    • 1
  • Philippe Boët
    • 1
  • Evelyne Tales
    • 1
  1. 1.Division Qualité des EauxCemagrefParisFrance
  2. 2.Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Délégation Régionale N°1CompiègneFrance

Personalised recommendations