Advertisement

Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Arrival of an Australian anguillid eel in New Zealand: an example of transoceanic dispersal

  • Robert M. McDowall
  • Donald J. Jellyman
  • Lucette H. Dijkstra
Article

Abstract

Anguilla reinhardtii, hitherto known from eastern Australia, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, and Lord Howe Island, has recently been discovered in rivers of northern New Zealand. Identification, based on morphological and genetic characteristics, is unequivocal; eight consecutive year classes have been found. The only reasonable explanation of this occurrence is transoceanic dispersal to New Zealand, probably from subtropical oceanic spawning grounds north of New Zealand. This corroborates past hypotheses that the strongly diadromous freshwater fish fauna of New Zealand is derived by transoceanic dispersal of known marine life intervals.

biogeography Anguilla fish 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Ball, I.R. 1975. Nature and formulation of biogeographical hypotheses. Syst. Zool. 24: 407–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berra, T.M., L.E.L.M. Crowley, W. Ivantsoff & P.A. Fuerst. 1996. Galaxias maculatus: an explanation of its biogeography. Mar. Freshw. Res. 47: 845–849.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bertin, L. 1956. Eels - a biological study. Cleaver Hume, London. 192 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Beumer, J.P. 1979. Feeding and movement of Anguilla australis and A. reinhardtii in Macleods Morass, Victoria, Australia. J. Fish Biol. 14: 573–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beumer, J.P. 1996. Family Anguillidae - freshwater eels. pp. 39–43. In: R.M. McDowall (ed.) Freshwater Fishes of Southeastern Australia, Reed, Sydney.Google Scholar
  6. Beumer, J. & R. Sloane. 1990. Distribution and abundance of glass-eels Anguilla spp. in east Australian waters. Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol. 75: 721–736.Google Scholar
  7. Boulenger, G.A. 1902. The explanation of a remarkable case of geographical distribution among fishes. Nature 67: 84.Google Scholar
  8. Cairns, D. 1941. Life-history of the two species of New Zealand fresh-water eel. Part I. Taxonomy, age, growth, migration, and distribution. N.Z. J. Sci. Tech. 23: 53–72.Google Scholar
  9. Campos, H. 1973. Migration of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns) (Galaxiidae, Pisces) in Valdivia estuary, Chile. Hydrobiologia 43: 301–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Campos, H. 1984. Gondwana and neotropical galaxiid fish biogeography. pp. 113–125. In: T.M. Zaret (ed.) Evolutionary Ecology of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes, Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague.Google Scholar
  11. Chisnall, B.L. 1989. Age, growth and condition of freshwater eels (Anguilla spp.) in backwaters of the lower Waikato River, New Zealand. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 23: 459–465.Google Scholar
  12. Chisnall, B.L. 1996. Aussie invasion. Seafood N.Z. 4(7): 81.Google Scholar
  13. Chisnall, B.L. & J.W. Hayes. 1991. Age and growth of shortfinned eels (Anguilla australis) in the lower Waikato basin, North Island, New Zealand. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 25: 71–80.Google Scholar
  14. Cracraft, J. 1975. Historical biogeography and earth history: perspectives for future analysis. Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 65: 227–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Craw, R.C. 1978. Two biogeographical frameworks: implications for the biogeography of New Zealand: a review. Tuatara 23: 81–114.Google Scholar
  16. Craw, R.C. 1979. Generalized tracks and dispersal in biogeography: a response to R.M. McDowall. Syst. Zool. 28: 99–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Croizat, L. 1952. Manual of phytogeography. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague. 587 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Croizat, L. 1958. Panbiogeography (3 volumes). Published by the Author, Caracas. 1731 pp.Google Scholar
  19. Croizat, L., G.J. Nelson & D.E. Rosen. 1974. Centers of origin and related concepts. Syst. Zool. 23: 265–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Darlington, P.J. 1957. Zoogeography: the geographical distribution of animals. Wiley, New York. 675 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Early, J.W., G.R. Parrish & P.A. Ryan. 1996. An invasion of Australian blue moon and blue tiger butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in New Zealand. Rec. Auckland Inst. Mus. 32: 45–53.Google Scholar
  22. Ege, V. 1939. A revision of the genus Anguilla Shaw. A systematic, phylogenetic and geographical study. Dana Rep. 3: 1–256.Google Scholar
  23. Fleming, C.A. 1979. The geological history of New Zealand and its life. Auckland University Press, Auckland. 141 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Fox, K.J. 1978. The transoceanic migration of Lepidoptera to New Zealand - a history and a hypothesis on colonisation. N.Z. Entomol. 6: 348–380.Google Scholar
  25. Francis, M.P. & J. Evans. 1992. Immigration of subtropical and tropical animals into north-eastern New Zealand. pp. 131–135. In: C.N. Battershill, D.R. Schiel, G.P. Jones, R.G. Creese & A.B. McDiarmid (ed.) Proc. 2nd Internat. Temperate Reef Symposium, Auckland.Google Scholar
  26. Grehan, J.R. 1991. A panbiogeographic perspective for pre-Cretaceous angiosperm-Lepidoptera co-evolution. Aust. Syst. Bot. 4: 91–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Griffin, L.T. 1936. Revision of the eels of New Zealand. Trans. Proc. Roy. Soc. N.Z. 66: 12–26.Google Scholar
  28. Heath, R.A. 1985. A review of the physical oceanography of the seas around New Zealand - 1982. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 19: 79–124.Google Scholar
  29. Hermes, N. 1986. A revised annotated checklist of vascular plants and vertebrate animals of Norfolk Island. Fauna and Flora Society of Norfolk Island. 80 pp.Google Scholar
  30. Hutton, F.W. 1873. On the geographical relations of the New Zealand fauna. Trans. Proc. N.Z. Inst. 5: 227–256.Google Scholar
  31. Jellyman, D.J. 1979. Upstream migration of glass-eels (Anguilla spp.) in the Waikato River. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 13: 13–22.Google Scholar
  32. Jellyman, D.J. 1987. A review of the marine life history of the Australasian temperate species of Anguilla. pp.Google Scholar
  33. 276-285. In: M.J. Dadswell, R.J. Klauda, C.M. Moffitt, R.L. Saunders, R.A. Rulifson & J.E. Cooper (ed.) Common Strategies of Anadromous and Catadromous Fishes, American Fisheries Society Symposium 1, Bethesda.Google Scholar
  34. Jellyman, D.J., L.H. Dijkstra, B.W. Chisnall & J.A.T. Boubeé. 1996. The first record of the Australian longfinned eel, Anguilla reinhardtii, in New Zealand. Mar. Freshw. Res. 47: 1037–1040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McCosker, J.R. 1989. Freshwater eels (family Anguillidae) in California: current conditions and future scenarios. Calif. Fish Game 75: 1–10.Google Scholar
  36. McDowall, R.M. 1964. The affinities and derivation of the New Zealand fresh-water fish fauna. Tuatara 12: 59–67.Google Scholar
  37. McDowall, R.M. 1970. The galaxiid fishes of New Zealand. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. Univ. 139: 341–431.Google Scholar
  38. McDowall, R.M. 1972. The species problem in freshwater fishes and the taxonomy of diadromous and lacustrine populations of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns). J. Roy. Soc. N.Z. 2: 325–367.Google Scholar
  39. McDowall, R.M. 1978. Generalized tracks and dispersal in biogeography. Syst. Zool. 27: 88–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. McDowall, R.M. 1988. Diadromy in fishes: migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croom Helm, London. 308 pp.Google Scholar
  41. McDowall, R.M. 1990. New Zealand freshwater fishes: a natural history and guide. Heinemann Reed, Auckland. 553 pp.Google Scholar
  42. McDowall, R.M., C.P. Mitchell & E.B. Brothers. 1994. Age at migration from the sea of juvenile Galaxias in New Zealand (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 54: 385–402.Google Scholar
  43. McDowall, R.M., D.A. Robertson & R. Saito. 1975. Occurrence of galaxiid larvae and juveniles in the sea. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 9: 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Michaux, B. 1991. Distributional patterns and tectonic developments in Indonesia: Wallace reinterpreted. Aust. Syst. Bot. 4: 25–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Myers, G.S. 1938. Fresh-water fishes and West Indian zoogeography. Smithsonian Rep. 1937: 339–364.Google Scholar
  46. O'Day, W.T. & B. Nafpaktitis. 1967. A study of the effects of expatriation on the gonads of two myctophid fishes in the northern Atlantic Ocean. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv. Univ. 137: 77–90.Google Scholar
  47. Pole, M. 1994. The New Zealand flora - entirely long distance dispersal? J. Biog. 21: 625–635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rosen, D.E. 1974. Phylogeny and zoogeography of salmoniform fishes and relationships of Lepidogalaxias salamandroides. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 153: 265–326.Google Scholar
  49. Rosen, D.E. 1975. A vicariance model of Caribbean biogeography. Syst. Zool. 24: 431–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Schmidt, J. 1928. The fresh-water eels of New Zealand. Trans. Proc. N.Z. Inst. 58: 379–388.Google Scholar
  51. Stancliff, A.G., J.A.T. Boubée, D. Palmer & C.P. Mitchell. 1988. Distribution of migratory fish and shrimps in the vicinity of the Waikato thermal power stations. N.Z. Freshw. Fish. Rep. 99: 1–31.Google Scholar
  52. Stokell, G. 1953. The distribution of the family Galaxiidae. Proc. 7th Pac. Sci. Cong. 4: 48–52.Google Scholar
  53. Tabeta, O., T. Takae & I. Matsui. 1976. Record of shortfinned eel from Nagata River, Shimonoseki, Japan. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish. 42: 1333–1338.Google Scholar
  54. Tesch, F.W. 1977. The eel: biology and management of anguillid eels. Chapman & Hall, London. 434 pp.Google Scholar
  55. Williams, G.C., R.K. Koehn & J.B. Mitton. 1973. Genetic differentiation without isolation in the American eel, Anguilla rostrata. Evolution 27: 192–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. McDowall
    • 1
  • Donald J. Jellyman
    • 1
  • Lucette H. Dijkstra
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Water and Atmospheric ResearchChristchurchNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations