, Volume 147, Issue 1, pp 49–57 | Cite as

A survey of Fusarium toxins in cereal-based foods marketed in an area of southwest Germany

  • Margit Schollenberger
  • Sybille Suchy
  • Helga Terry Jara
  • Winfried Drochner
  • Hans-Martin MÜller


A total of 237 commercially available samples of cereal-based foods including bread and related products, noodles, breakfast cereals, baby and infant foods, rice and other foods were randomly collected in southwest Germany during the first six months of 1998. The trichothecenes deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-and 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (3-,15-ADON), nivalenol (NIV), fusarenon-X (FUS-X), T-2 toxin (T-2) and HT-2 toxin (HT-2) were determined by gaschromatography/mass spectrometry following clean-up by a two stage solid-phase extraction. Detection limits ranged between 2 and 12 μg/kg. Based on all samples, the incidence of DON, HT-2, T-2, 3-ADON,15-ADON, and NIV was at 71, 18, 4, 4, 4 and 2%, respectively; the average contents in positive samples were at 103, 16, 14, 17, 24 and 109 μg/kg,respectively. Fus-X was not detected in any sample. A lower (P < 0.05) DON content was found in baby and infant foods as well as in cookies and cakes compared to bread. Overall, based on the incidence and level of all six toxins, the degree of contamination was lowest in baby and infant foods. Foods produced from either white or whole grain flour did not differ (P > 0.05) with regard to the incidence and level of DON. In foods produced from cereals of organic production both the incidence and median content of DON was lower compared to conventional production. Zearalenone, α- and β-zearalenol were determined by high performance liquid chromatography in 20 selected samples, mostly baby and infant foods. These toxins were not present in excess of the detection limit in any sample.

Bread conventional production deoxynivalenol infant food organic production trichothecenes zearalenone 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margit Schollenberger
    • 1
  • Sybille Suchy
    • 1
  • Helga Terry Jara
    • 1
  • Winfried Drochner
    • 1
  • Hans-Martin MÜller
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Animal NutritionHohenheim UniversityStuttgartGermany

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