Journal of Neurocytology

, Volume 28, Issue 10–11, pp 913–924

Regulation of p27Kip1 during gentamicin mediated hair cell death

  • Cyrus Torchinsky
  • Elizabeth P. Messana
  • Marcello Arsura
  • Douglas A. Cotanche
Article

Abstract

The INK4 and Kip/Cip families of Cyclin Dependent Kinase inhibitors (CKIs) are regulators of the cell cycle. In addition, CKIS including p27Kip1can protect cells from apoptosis in vitro. However, little is known about protective effect of p27Kip1in vivo. We used systemic treatment with aminoglycosides to induce hair-cell death in the basilar papilla (BP), the auditory organ of the avian inner ear, and characterised the expression of p27Kip1with confocal and immunofluorescence microscopy. In contrast to the adult mammalian cochlea where p27Kip1is expressed only in supporting cells, p27Kip1is found in the nuclei of both hair cells and supporting cells in the BP of the normal, mature bird. Forty-eight hours after gentamicin treatment, hair cells with TUNEL positive nuclei and hair cells with pyknotic nuclei were both detected, suggesting many hair cells die by apoptosis. When the BP was double labelled for p27Kip1and myosin VIIa, a hair-cell specific protein, all dying hair cells that had been ejected from the epithelium were found to be myosin VIIa positive but negative for p27Kip1even though nuclear remnants were still visible. In the transition zone where partial hair-cell loss occurs, freshly ejected hair cells lying immediately above the surface of the BP no longer expressed p27Kip1. Damaged hair cells within the epithelium in the transition zone contained p27Kip1in their cytoplasm but not in their nuclei. These data support recent in vitro findings suggesting that p27Kip1protects cells from apoptosis and that its downregulation may be a general feature of programmed cell death.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cyrus Torchinsky
    • 1
    • 3
  • Elizabeth P. Messana
    • 1
  • Marcello Arsura
    • 4
  • Douglas A. Cotanche
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Cellular and Molecular Hearing Research, Children's Hospital-BostonDepartment of OtolaryngologyBostonUSA;
  2. 2.Department of Otology and LaryngologyHarvard Medical SchoolUSA
  3. 3.Department of Anatomy and NeurobiologyBoston University School of MedicineUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryBoston University School of MedicineUSA

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