Sex Roles

, Volume 43, Issue 3–4, pp 181–199 | Cite as

A Status Account of Gender Stereotypes: Beyond Communality and Agency

  • Michael Conway
  • Lenny R. Vartanian


Women's lower status relative to men can account for people's differential attribution to women and men, of the constructs of the Extended Personal Attributes Questionnaire (EPAQ; Spence, Helmreich, & Holahan, 1979). Ratings in all three studies were made on the EPAQ scales. In Study 1a, participants rated their perceptions of the stereotypes of women and of men. In Study 1b, participants reported their own perceptions of women and men. In Study 2, participants were presented a minimal status manipulation (Conway, Pizzamiglio, & Mount, 1996) for which status is unconfounded with gender; participants then reported their perceptions of low- and high-status individuals. The men in Studies 1a and 1b were perceived as were high-status individuals in Study 2. Except for (i.e., verbal passive-aggression nagging, whining), women in Studies 1a and 1b were perceived as were low-status individuals in Study 2. Results are discussed in terms of status accounts of gender stereotypes and gender differences in social behavior.


Gender Difference Social Psychology Social Behavior Lower Status Minimal Status 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Conway
    • 1
  • Lenny R. Vartanian
    • 2
  1. 1.Concordia UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of TorontoCanada

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