, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 237–253 | Cite as

Geopolitics in the nineties: one flag, many meanings

  • V.D. Mamadouh


This article provides an overview of recent publications on geopolitics. The diversity is overwhelming. Publications are therefore divided into four ‘schools’: neo-classical geopolitics, subversive geopolitics, non-geopolitics and critical geopolitics. These four schools are distinguished on two dimensions. The first is the distance to the object under study (practical/applied versus academic/reflective). The second refers to the position towards the state system (states as the principal geopolitical actors versus attention for other political actors and interests). Despite their differences, the four types of studies share a growing interest in geoeconomics.

critical geopolitics geo-economics geopolitics géopolitique political geography 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • V.D. Mamadouh
    • 1
  1. 1.AGIDS, University of AmsterdamAmsterdamthe Netherlands

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