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Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

, Volume 183, Issue 1–2, pp 11–23 | Cite as

Inhibition of DNA topoisomerase I activity by heparin sulfate and modulation by basic fibroblast growth factor

  • Ilona Kovalszky
  • József Dudás
  • Julia Oláh-Nagy
  • Gábor Pogány
  • József Töváry
  • József Timár
  • László Kopper
  • András Jeney
  • Renato V. Iozzo
Article

Abstract

Eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I catalyzes changes in the superhelical state of duplex DNA by transiently breaking single strands thereby allowing relaxation of both positively and negatively supercoiled DNA. Topoisomerase I is a nuclear enzyme localized at active sites of transcription, and abnormal levels of the enzyme have been observed in a variety of neoplasms. Because the enzyme binds heparin and, given the presence of heparan sulfate within the nuclei of mammalian cells, we sought to investigate the interaction between topoisomerase I and sulfated glycosaminoglycans isolated from normal and neoplastic human liver. The results demonstrated that low concentrations (∼100 nM) of heparan sulfate from normal liver but not from its malignant counterpart effectively blocked relaxation of supercoiled DNA driven by either purified holoenzyme or topoisomerase I activity present in nuclear extracts of three malignant cell lines. Heparin acted at even lower (∼10 nM) concentrations. Moreover, we show that basic fibroblast growth factor could interfere with this heparan sulfate/heparin-driven inhibition and that both basic fibroblast growth factor and heparin-binding sites co-localized in the nuclei of U937 leukemic cells. Our results suggest that DNA topoisomerase I activity may be modulated in vivo by specific heparan sulfate moieties present in normal cells but markedly reduced or absent in their transformed counterparts.

topoisomerase I heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilona Kovalszky
    • 1
  • József Dudás
    • 1
  • Julia Oláh-Nagy
    • 1
  • Gábor Pogány
    • 1
  • József Töváry
    • 1
  • József Timár
    • 1
  • László Kopper
    • 1
  • András Jeney
    • 1
  • Renato V. Iozzo
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.First Institute of Pathology and Experimental Cancer ResearchSemmelweis Medical UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Anatomy and Cell BiologyJefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Kimmel Cancer Center, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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