Application of INAA to the Examination of Art Objects: Research in Poland
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Systematic studies on art objects using instrumental neutron activation analysis and neutron autoradiography have been carried out in the Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology in collaboration with the Faculty of Art Conservation and Restoration of the Academy of Fine Arts in Cracow, as well as with other Academies of Fine Arts and museums in Poland. It was possible to accumulate a number of essential data on the concentration of trace elements particularly in chalk grounds and pigments (such as lead white, lead-tin yellow, smalt), Chinese porcelain, Thai ceramics, as well as in the clay fillings of sarcophagi of Egyptian mummies. The above mentioned examination of art objects prior to their conservation helps to determine precisely the materials used in the process of creating art objects, as well as to identify the approximate place of origin of particular materials.
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