Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 439–457 | Cite as

Self-Organization and Evolutionin a Simulated Cross Catalyzed Network

  • A. Hunding
  • Robin Engelhardt
Article

Abstract

Motivated by an alternative to the concept of a prebiotic soup inthe form of interacting crystal growth close to hot vents, we investigatea model system in which the growth rate of a particular entity is modified (enhanced or reduced) by other entities present, thus forming aweb of cross catalysis. Initially random interactions are imposed, butthe entities compete for a common source, and some entities may thusvanish in the competition. New entities, or mutations (error copies),with randomly selected interactions to the web are then introduced,and the concentrations of the entities are followed as solutions to stiffordinary differential equations. Entities with positive growth maycreate new related entities with slightly randomly modified interactions to the web. Extinctions, wild-type survival and replacement,and self-organization to sustain periodic external variations, are studied. It is shown that even systems with mostly cross-inhibition and noinitial autocatalysis may eventually create highly stable self-organizedsystems. We find that an already established cross catalyzed systemoften wins over a selfreplicating invader (or mutant).

genetic takeover hydrothermal mineral origin of life quasispecies 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Hunding
    • 1
  • Robin Engelhardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, H. C. Ørsted Institute C116University of CopenhagenCopenhagen ØDenmark

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