Lipid Synthesis Under Hydrothermal Conditions by Fischer- Tropsch-Type Reactions

  • Thomas M. McCollom
  • Gilles Ritter
  • Bernd R. T. Simoneit

Abstract

Ever since their discovery in the late 1970's, mid-ocean-ridge hydrothermal systems have received a great deal of attention as a possible site for the origin of life on Earth (and environments analogous to mid-ocean-ridge hydrothermal systems are postulated to have been sites where life could have originated on Mars and elsewhere as well). Because no modern-day terrestrial hydrothermal systems are free from the influence of organic compounds derived from biologic processes, laboratory experiments provide the best opportunity for confirmation of the potential for organic synthesis in hydrothermal systems. Here we report on the formation of lipid compounds during Fischer-Tropsch-type synthesis from aqueous solutions of formic acid or oxalic acid. Optimum synthesis occurs in stainless steel vessels by heating at 175 °C for 2–3 days and produces lipid compounds ranging from C2 to >C35 which consist of n-alkanols, n- alkanoic acids, n-alkenes, n-alkanes and alkanones. The precursor carbon sources used are either formic acid or oxalic acid, which disproportionate to H2, CO2 and probably CO. Both carbon sources yield the same lipid classes with essentially the same ranges of compounds. The synthesis reactions were confirmed by using 13C labeled precursor acids.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas M. McCollom
    • 1
  • Gilles Ritter
    • 1
  • Bernd R. T. Simoneit
    • 1
  1. 1.Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric SciencesOregon State UniversityCorvallisU.S.A.

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