Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 287–298 | Cite as

Promoting healthy aging in cities: The Healthy Cities project in Europe

  • Ingrid M. Keller
  • Alex Kalache


Health promotion is a growing field, spreading into various settings. Thispaper focuses on the city as a setting for health promotion and on the’’Healthy Cities project‘‘ (HCP) of the Regional Office for Europe of theWorld Health Organization in particular. In the context of the HCP, variousactivities to promote the health of older citizens have been carried out inrecent years. These are illustrated in this paper through case studies.

Aging Healthy Cities project Health promotion Ottawa Charter Senior citizens Urbanization 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ashton, J., Grey, P.& Barnard K. (1986). Healthy cities–WHO’s New Public Health initiatives, Health Promotion1(3): 324.Google Scholar
  2. Camden Healthy Cities 1995. European Year of Older People, and beyond ..., Review of the Camden Healthy Cities Older People’s Health Department Project, 1992–1995, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Cosijn, J. (1994). Eindhoven Health City Information, Eindhoven Healthy City, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  4. Dublin Healthy Cities project (1994). A review of the Dublin Healthy Cities project.Google Scholar
  5. Duhl, J.L. (1986). The healthy city: Its function and its future, Health Promotion, 1(1): 55–60.Google Scholar
  6. Gesunde Stadt Projekt Wien (1995). Das Wiener Unfallverhútungsprogramm für Senioren, Massnahmen, Ziele und Perspektiven, Eine Zusammenfassung des Beiratsberichts, Wien, December 1995 [Healthy Cities project Vienna, The Viennese Program on Accident Prevention for Seniors, Activities, Goals and Perspectives, a summary of the report of the steering committee, Vienna, December 1995].Google Scholar
  7. Healthy Cities project (1994). Copenhagen Health Services, Healthy City Plan of the City of Copenhagen 1994–1997, English edition, August 1994, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  8. Kickbusch, I. (1989). Healthy Cities: a working project and a growing movement, Health Promotion4(2): 77–82.Google Scholar
  9. Tsouros A., ed. (1990) Healthy Cities project: The project becomes a movement. Copenhagen: FADL Publishers.Google Scholar
  10. Tsouros, A. (1996). World Health, The Magazine of the World Health Organization49(1): 7–9.Google Scholar
  11. UN-data base (1995).Google Scholar
  12. WHO (1986). Health and Welfare Canada,Canadian Public Health Association, Ottawa Charter of Health Promotion, Canada.Google Scholar
  13. WHO (1988). Four Decades of Achievement. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  14. WHO (1991). City Networks for Health, Technical discussions on strategies for health for all in the face of rapid urbanization,WHO Geneva (A44/Technical Discussions/5 Background Document).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid M. Keller
    • 1
  • Alex Kalache
    • 1
  1. 1.Ageing and Health ProgrammeWHOGeneva

Personalised recommendations