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Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 24, Issue 10–11, pp 831–861 | Cite as

Gall Mite Molecular Phylogeny and its Relationship to the Evolution of Plant Host Specificity

  • B. Fenton
  • A.N.E. Birch
  • G. Malloch
  • P.G. Lanham
  • R.M. Brennan
Article

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of all seven known species of Cecidophyopsis mites (Acari: Eriophyidae) with Ribes hosts have been inferred from ribosomal DNA sequences. This analysis found groups of closely related mites. The five gall-forming species, four of which are monophagous and one which has two hosts, were found in two groups. Another group consisted of the two non gall-forming species, one of which has two hosts, while the other is monophagous. The molecular phylogeny of their known Ribes host plants was calculated using the equivalent ribosomal regions as the mites. The structure of the two trees (mites vs hosts) was clearly different, implying that mite speciation did not closely follow speciation events in the plant hosts. Instead, the three groups of Ribes-infesting Cecidophyopsis mites have derived from a common galling ancestor millions of years ago. Each mite group has recently diversified onto different primary hosts. One group of mites has also lost the galling habit. The results have implications for host range changes and the durability of mite-resistance genes in cultivated Ribes.

Cecidophyopsis co-evolution Eriophyid mites phylogeny Ribes ribosomal DNA 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Fenton
    • 1
  • A.N.E. Birch
    • 2
  • G. Malloch
    • 2
  • P.G. Lanham
    • 2
  • R.M. Brennan
    • 2
  1. 1.Scottish Crop Reasearch Institute, InvergowrieDundee, TaysideScotland, United Kingdom
  2. 2.Scottish Crop Reasearch Institute, InvergowrieDundee, TaysideScotland ,United Kingdom

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