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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 65, Issue 1–2, pp 323–331 | Cite as

OSPM - A Parameterised Street Pollution Model

  • Ruwim Berkowicz
Article

Abstract

For many practical applications, as e.g. in support of air pollution management, numerical models based on solution of the basic flow and dispersion equations are still too complex. Alternative are models that are basically parameterised semi-empirical models making use of a priori assumptions about the flow and dispersion conditions. However, these models must, be thoroughly tested and their performance and limitations carefully documented. The Danish Operational Street Pollution Model (OSPM) belongs to this category of parameterised models. In the OSPM, concentrations of exhaust gases are calculated using a combination of a plume model for the direct contribution and a box model for the recirculating part of the pollutants in the street. Parameterisation of flow and dispersion conditions in street canyons was deduced from extensive analysis of experimental data and model tests. Results of these tests were used to further improve the model performance, especially with regard to different street configurations and a variety of meteorological conditions.

street pollution models OSPM parameterised models street-canyon traffic pollution model validation 

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References

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruwim Berkowicz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric EnvironmentNational Environmental Research InstituteRoskildeDenmark

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