Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 271–274 | Cite as

Zearalenone and flower bud formation in thin-cell layers of Nicotiana tabacum L.

  • Yong-Fu FuEmail author
  • Yu-Zhen Han
  • De-Gang Zhao
  • Fan-Jing Meng


Three lines of evidence indicated a connectionbetween zearalenone (ZEN) and flower bud formationin thin cell layer (TCL) explants of Nicotianatabacum L. cv. Samsun. (1) There were two peaks inthe endogenous ZEN level during the formation offlower buds. (2) The specific inhibitor of ZENbiosynthesis, malathion (MAL), inhibited thebiosynthesis of endogenous ZEN and at the same timeflower bud neoformation. (3) Exogenous ZEN inducedflower bud neoformation.

flower bud thin cell layers tobacco (Nicotiana tabacumzearalenone 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Altamuta MM, Capitani F, Gazza L Capene I and Costantino P (1994) The plant oncogene rolB stimulates the formation of flower and root meristemoids in tobacco thin cell layers. New Physiologist 126: 283-293Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen XJ, Liu HC and Meng FJ (1989) Direct enzyme-linked immunoassay for zearalenone. Plant Physiology Communications 5: 61-63 (Chinese, Engl. Summ)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Christensen CM, Nelson GH and Mirocha CJ (1965) Effect on the white rat uterus of toxic substance isolated from Fusarium. Appl Microbiol 13: 653-659Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fu YF and Meng FJ (1994) Zearalenone in growth and development of winter wheat. Acta Agronomica Sinica 20(3): 271-276 (Chinese, Engl. Summ)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fu YF and Meng FJ (1993) The effects of zearalenone the growth and development of Lemma Gibba G3. Acta Phytophysiologiae Sinica 19(4): 395-398 (Chinese, Engl. Summ.)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fu YF, Li HY and Meng FJ (1995) The possible role of zearalenone in the floral gradient in Nicotiana tabacum L. J Plant Physiol 147: 197-202Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Han YZ and Meng FJ (1991) Studies on zearalenone influencing the growth and development of Lemna perpusilla. Chinese Sciences Bulletin 36(12): 1037-1040Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kaur-Sawhney R, Tiburcio AF and Galston AW (1988) Spermidine and flower-bud differentiation in thin-layer explants of tobacco. Planta 173: 282-284Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marfa V, Gollin DJ, Eberhard S, Mohnen D, Darvill A and Albersheim P (1991) Oligogalacturonides are able to induce flowers to form on tobacco explants. Plant J (2): 217-225Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meng FJ, Que YM, Han YZ, Li HX and Wang ZC (1989) Isolation of zearalenone from shoot apices of overwintering winter wheat. Science in China (Series B) 32(9): 1009-1105Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Merch G, Nassogne C and Havelange A (1990) Flower bud and root neoformation in thin cell layers of Nicotiana tabacum var. Samsun: a statistical analysis of spatial and temporal changes in mitotic activity. Can J Bot 68: 2501-2508Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mirocha CJ, Christensen CM and Nelson GH (1968) Physiologic activity of some fungal estrogen produced by Fusarium. Cancer Research 28: 2319-2322Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pihakaski-maunsbach K, Nygaard KB, Jensen KH and Rasmussen O (1993) Cellular changes in early development of regenerating thin cell layers-explants of rapeseed analyzed by light and electron microscopy. Physiol Plant 87(2): 167-176Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stob M, Baldwin RS, Tuite J, Andrews FN and Gillette KG (1962) Isolation of an anabolic uterotrophic compound from corn infected with Gibberella zeae. Nature 196: 1318Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tran Thanh Van M (1973) Direct flower neoformation from superficial tissue of small explants of Nicotiana tabacum L. Planta 115: 87-92Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tran Thanh Van K., Toubart P and Cousson A (1985) Manipulation of the morphogenetic pathways of tobacco explants by oligosaccharins. Nature 314: 615-617Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vianello A and Macri F (1978) Inhibition of plant cell membrane transport phenomena induced by zearalenone F-2. Planta 143(1): 51-57Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vianello A and Macri F (1982) Zearalenone enhances α-amylase and ?-glucosidase activity of germinating maize seeds. Phytopath Medit 21(2): 86-88Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang H and Meng FJ (1990) Formation of endogenous zearalenone and its inhibition by malathion in winter plant during vernalization. Acta Phytophysiologica Sinica 16(2): 197-200Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wolf JC and Mirocha CJ (1973) Regulation of sexual reproduction in Gibberella zeae (Fusarium roseum Graminearum') by F-2 (zearalenone). Can J Microbiol 19: 725-734Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong-Fu Fu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yu-Zhen Han
    • 2
  • De-Gang Zhao
    • 2
  • Fan-Jing Meng
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Sciences, College of Biological SciencesChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingP.R. China
  2. 2.Department of Plant Sciences, College of Biological SciencesChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingP.R. China

Personalised recommendations