Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 195–200 | Cite as

Involvement of abscisic acid in bulb dormancy of Allium wakegi Araki. II. A comparison between dormant and nondormant cultivars

  • Hiroko Yamazaki*
  • Takaaki Nishijima
  • Yoichi Yamato
  • Megumi Hamano
  • Masaji Koshioka
  • Hiroyuki Miura


The content of abscisic acid (ABA) in bulbs of two Allium wakegi Araki cultivars, ‘Kiharabansei No. 1’ (dormant type) and ‘Ginoza’ (nondormant type), was similar and changed similarly during the development and storage of the bulbs. It increased during bulb development, reached a maximum shortly after bulb harvesting, and gradually decreased during bulb storage. The bulbs of ‘Kiharabansei No. 1’ showed dormancy correlated with the change in ABA content, but those of ‘Ginoza’ did not show significant dormancy throughout the experimental period. The ABA content in the buds of dormant bulbs of ‘Kiharabansei No. 1’ did not change after planting of bulbs, but that of nondormant bulbs of ‘Ginoza’ planted on the same day rapidly decreased after planting. Application of ABA to bulbs delayed sprouting of both cultivars, but dormant bulbs of ‘Kiharabansei No. 1’ had higher sensitivity to ABA than the bulbs of ‘Ginoza’ or the bulbs of ‘Kiharabansei No. 1’ partly released from dormancy. These results suggest that the decrease in the ABA content after planting (watering) and low sensitivity to ABA are correlated with the nondormancy of ‘Ginoza’.

Abscisic acid Allium wakegi Araki bulb dormancy dormant and nondormant cultivars sensitivity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ackerson RC (1984) Regulation of soybean embryogenesis by abscisic acid. J Exp Bot 35: 403–413Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arnold RL, Fenner M and Edwards PJ (1991) Changes in germinability, ABA content and ABA embryonic sensitivity in developing seed of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. induced by water stress during grain filling. New Phytol 118: 339–347Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Corbineau A, Poljakoff-Mayber A and Come D (1991) Responsiveness to abscisic acid of embryos of dormant oat (Avena sativa) seeds. Involvement of ABA-inducible proteins. Physiol Plant 83: 1–6Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Farooqi AHA, Shukla YN, Sharma S and Bangerth F (1989) Endogenous inhibitors and seasonal changes in abscisic acid in Dioscorea floribunda Mart. & Gal. Plant Growth Regul 8: 225–232Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fujieda K, Adaniya S, Okubo H, Takahashi K and Matuo E (1980) Studies on the interspecific differentiation of Allium wakegi Araki. J Japan Soc Hort Sci 49: 180–188 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hartung W and Davies WJ (1991) Abscisic Acid: Physiology and Biochemistry. Oxford: Bios Scientific PublishersGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kim K-S, Davelaar E and De Klerk GJ (1994) Abscisic acid controls dormancy development and bulb formation in lily plantlets regenerated in vitro. Physiol Plant 90: 59–64Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kuraishi S, Yamashita D, Sakurai N and Hasegawa S (1989) Changes of abscisic acid and auxin as related to dormancy breaking of Allium wakegi bulblets by vacuum infiltration and BA treatment. J Plant Growth Regul 8: 3–9Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Morris CF, Moffatt JM, Sears RG and Paulsen GM (1989) Seed dormancy and responses of caryopses, embryos and calli to abscisic acid in wheat. Plant Physiol 90: 643–647Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nagar PK (1995) Changes in abscisic acid, phenols and indoleacetic acid in bulbs of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) during dormancy and sprouting. Scientia Horticulturae 63: 77–82Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Okubo H, Adaniya S, Takahashi K and Fujieda K (1981) Studies on the bulb formation of Allium wakegi Araki. J Japan Soc Hort Sci 50: 37–43 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Okubo H, Chijiwa M and Uemoto S (1988) Seasonal changes in leaf emergence from scale bulblets during scaling and endogenous plant hormone levels in Easter lily (Lilium longiflorum Thunb.). J Fac Agr, Kyushu Univ 33: 9–15Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pierce M and Raschke K (1980) Correlation between loss of turgor and accumulation of abscisic acid in detached leaves. Planta 148: 174–182Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Powell LE (1982) Shoot growth in woody plants and possible participation of abscisic acid. In: Wareing PF (ed) Plant Growth Substances. London: Academic Press, pp 363–372Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Suttle JC and Hultstrand JF (1994) Role of endogenous abscisic acid in potato microtuber dormancy. Plant Physiol 105: 891–896Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tamura F, Tanabe K, and Ikeda T (1993) Relationship between intensity of bud dormancy and level of ABA in Japanese pear ‘Nijisseiki’. J Japan Soc Hort Sci 62: 75–81 (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Van Beckum JMM, Libbenga KR and Wang M (1993) Abscisic acid and gibberellic acid-regulated responses of embryos and aleurone layers isolated from dormant and nondormant barley grains. Physiol. Plant 89: 483–489Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Walker-Simmons M (1987) ABA levels and sensitivity in developing wheat embryos of sprouting resistant and susceptible cultivars. Plant Physiol 84: 61–66Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang M, Heimovaara-Dijkstra S and Van Duijn B (1995) Modulation of germination of embryos isolated from dormant and nondormant barley grains by manipulation of endogenous abscisic acid. Planta 195: 586–592Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yamazaki H, Nishijima T and Koshioka M (1995) Changes in abscisic acid content and water status in bulbs of Allium wakegi Araki throughout the year. J Japan Soc Hort Sci 64: 589–598Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yamazaki H, Nishijima T, Yamato Y, Koshioka M and Miura H (1999) Involvement of abscisic acid (ABA) in bulb dormancy of Allium wakegi Araki. I. Endogenous levels of ABA in relation to bulb dormancy and effects of exogenous ABA and fluridone. Plant Growth Regul 29: 189–194Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroko Yamazaki*
    • 1
  • Takaaki Nishijima
    • 1
  • Yoichi Yamato
    • 1
  • Megumi Hamano
    • 1
  • Masaji Koshioka
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Miura
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Vegetables, Ornamental Plants and TeaAno, MieJapan (Author for correspondence)

Personalised recommendations