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Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 23, Issue 10, pp 785–802 | Cite as

Pollen as Food for the Predatory Mites Iphiseius Degenerans and Neoseiulus Cucumeris (Acari: Phytoseiidae): Dietary Range and Life History

  • Paul C.J. Van Rijn
  • Lynell K. Tanigoshi
Article

Abstract

Although all known phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) are predators of mites or small insects, many readily feed and reproduce on pollen as well. This ability to feed on food from plant origin increases their survival during periods when prey is locally sparse, but might occur at the expense of the ability to utilize food as efficiently as specialized predators. In this study we compare two predatory mite species used as biological control agents against thrips, Neoseiulus cucumeris and Iphiseius degenerans, with respect to (1) the range of pollen species that may serve as food sources for a sustained oviposition; and (2) the life history and expected intrinsic growth rates on some suitable pollen diets. The results show that I. degenerans is, compared to N. cucumeris, able to utilize a larger proportion of approx. 25 pollen species tested, but does not show equally high ovipositional rates as N. cucumeris. Consequently, the highest intrinsic growth rate for I. degenerans (0.21 day −1) will be surpassed by N. cucumeris.

Phytoseiids life history oviposition rearing diet pollen spider mites biological control of thrips 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul C.J. Van Rijn
  • Lynell K. Tanigoshi

There are no affiliations available

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