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Earth, Moon, and Planets

, Volume 78, Issue 1–3, pp 219–227 | Cite as

A CCD Image Archive Of Comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp): Dust Expansion Velocities

  • M. BRAUNSTEIN
  • R. COMSTOCK
  • P. HOFFMAN
  • M. WOMACK
  • F. DEGLMAN
  • D. PINNICK
  • G. AAKER
  • M. GOLDSCHEN
  • A. JACOBSON
  • J. ZILKA
  • D. FAITH
  • S. MOORE
  • J. RICOTTA
  • A. WEIST
  • C. MODI
Article

Abstract

An optical archive of comet Hale-Bopp was obtained over 28 nights from June 1996 to May 1997 covering a range of heliocentric distances of r = 4.12 − 0.91. The CCD images were obtained with the 0.8-m University of Washington Manastash Ridge Observatory and the 0.25-m Pennsylvania State University at Eriemobile observatory. The reduced images clearly document the evolution of features of the coma, which were dominated by radial jetsfrom r = 4.1 − 2.3 AU, curved fan-shaped jets from r = 1.2 − 1.0 AU, and arcs or shells for 0.9 < r < 1.0 AU. We present the images and derive an average dust expansion velocity of Vdust = 0.67 ± 0.07 km s−1 from measurements of the arc features. The images in thearchive will be made available to other researchers for further study.

Comet Hale-Bopp cometary arcs cometary shells cometary jets 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. BRAUNSTEIN
    • 1
  • R. COMSTOCK
    • 1
  • P. HOFFMAN
    • 1
  • M. WOMACK
    • 2
  • F. DEGLMAN
    • 2
  • D. PINNICK
    • 2
  • G. AAKER
    • 2
  • M. GOLDSCHEN
    • 2
  • A. JACOBSON
    • 2
  • J. ZILKA
    • 3
  • D. FAITH
    • 3
  • S. MOORE
    • 3
  • J. RICOTTA
    • 3
  • A. WEIST
    • 3
  • C. MODI
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCentral Washington UniversityEllensburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstronomySt. Cloud State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.School of SciencePennsylvania State University at ErieUSA

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