Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 171–179 | Cite as

Giving Back: An Examination of the Philanthropic Motivations, Orientations and Activities of Large Black-Owned Businesses

  • Vickie Cox Edmondson
  • Archie B. Carroll


This study of philanthropy among large Black-owned businesses provides insights into a sector of business giving which has not been studied. Results indicate that philanthropy and ethical justifications play a more important role in minority business enterprises than in non-minority firms studied previously.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alpar, P. and D. Spitzer: 1989, ‘Response Behavior of Entrepreneurs in a Mail Survey’, Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice 14, 31–44.Google Scholar
  2. Aupperle, K. E.: 1984, ‘An Empirical Measure of Corporate Social Orientation’, Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy 6, 27–54.Google Scholar
  3. Aupperle, K. E., A. B. Carroll and J. Hatfield: 1985, ‘An Empirical Examination of the Relationship Between Corporate Social Responsibility and Profitability’, Academy of Management Journal 28, 446–463Google Scholar
  4. Carlson, E.: 1992, ‘Battling Bias: A WSJ Survey Finds that Barriers and Stereotypes Persist’, The Wall Street Journal (April 3), R1, R16.Google Scholar
  5. Carroll, A. B.: 1979, ‘A Three Dimensional Conceptual Model of Corporate Social Performance’, Academy of Management Review 4, 497–505.Google Scholar
  6. Carroll, A. B.: 1991, ‘The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility: Toward the Moral Management of Organizational Stakeholders’, Business Horizons 34(4), 38–48.Google Scholar
  7. Carroll, A. B.: 1995, ‘Stakeholder Thinking in Three Models of Management Morality: A Perspective with Strategic Implications’, in Juha Nasi (ed.), Understanding Stakeholder Thinking (LSR Publications, Helsinki, Finland), pp. 47–74.Google Scholar
  8. Carroll, A. B.: 1996, Business & Society: Ethics and Stakeholder Management, 3rd. Edition, Chapter 13 (South-Western Publishing Co.).Google Scholar
  9. Gupta, U.: 1995, ‘Number of Black-owned Firms Rises 46%’, The Wall Street Journal (December 12), B2.Google Scholar
  10. Harris, J. F. and A. Klepper: 1976, Corporate Philanthropic Public Service Activities (The Conference Board, New York), p. 16.Google Scholar
  11. Mehta, S. E.: 1995, ‘Black Entrepreneurs Benefit from Social Responsibility: Home-care Concern Caters to Minorities’, The Wall Street Journal (October 19), B1–B2.Google Scholar
  12. Minority Business Development Agency: 1992, U.S. Department of Commerce, Atlanta Regional Office Report (January).Google Scholar
  13. Pinkston, T. S. and A. B. Carroll: 1996, ‘A Retrospective Examination of CSR Orientations: Have They Changed?’, Journal of Business Ethics 15(2), 199–206.Google Scholar
  14. Sternberg, S.: 1984, National Directory of Corporate Charity, Vol. 8 (Regional Young Adult Project, San Francisco), pp. 387–388Google Scholar
  15. Woodson, R. L.: 1987, On the road to economic freedom: An agenda for black progress (Regenry Gateway, Washington D.C.).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vickie Cox Edmondson
    • 1
  • Archie B. Carroll
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ManagementUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirmingham
  2. 2.Department of ManagementUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

Personalised recommendations