In vitro plant regeneration from embryogenic cultures of a diploid and a triploid, Cavendish banana
Plant regeneration by somatic embryogenesis was attempted with diploid (Musa acuminata ssp. malaccensis) and triploid ('Grand Nain') bananas. Explants inoculated in vitro were, respectively, immature zygotic embryos and male flower bud primordia. An histological study showed that the embryogenic process involves a sequence of similar events for both species. A yellow-green compact callus was initiated, which consisted of an actively dividing meristematic zone surrounded by several layers of starchy cells. A white and friable callus, characterized by the presence of proembryonic cells, bicellular proembryos and proembryonal masses in its periphery gradually appeared, which finally gave rise to somatic embryos from which plants were recovered. Induction media contained 2,4-D (and also NAA and IAA for the triploid); zeatin and kinetin were necessary for embryo maturation and 6-BA and IAA were used for germination.
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