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Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 69–78 | Cite as

Outcome of treatment for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence in early-stage breast cancer

  • Kristina Dalberg
  • Anders Mattsson
  • Kerstin Sandelin
  • Lars E. Rutqvist
Article

Abstract

Introduction: The aims of the study were to assess the outcome among patients with early breast cancer operated on with wide local excision who developed a subsequent ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence, and to identify risk factors for uncontrolled local disease. Uncontrolled local disease (ULD) was defined as the appearance of clinically manifest invasive adenocarcinoma in the remaining breast or on the ipsilateral chest wall which could not be eradicated with salvage treatment during the period of follow-up (2–18 years). Patients and methods: Eighty-five patients in a cohort of 759 patients, treated for invasive Stage I–II breast cancer with breast-conserving surgery 1976–1985 in Stockholm, with a subsequent ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) were reviewed retrospectively. The majority of the patients were premenopausal (58%), node negative (72%), and had received postoperative radiotherapy (79%). Median follow-up time following breast-conserving surgery was 13 (9–19) years. Multivariate Cox's hazard regression was used in the statistical analysis to identify prognostic factors for ULD. Results: The majority (n = 61) of the IBTR's were located in the original tumor quadrant and showed the same histopathological features as the primary tumor. Salvage mastectomy (n = 65) or reexcision (n = 14) were performed in 79 (93%) of the patients. Twenty-one patients developed ULD. Five years following the diagnosis of IBTR the disease-free survival was 59%, the cumulative incidence for ULD was 24%, and for death in breast cancer 34%. In the cohort of 759 patients, patients who received radiotherapy following the primary breast-conserving surgery had 1% cumulative incidence of ULD following the diagnosis of IBTR compared to 4% among patients that received no postoperative radiotherapy. The cumulative incidence at 5 years of ULD following salvage mastectomy was 12% compared to 33% after salvage reexcision. Patients operated on with breast-conserving surgery with an original tumor size < 15 mm, who were treated with salvage mastectomy for IBTR, had in multivariate analysis the lowest relative risk for ULD. Adjuvant chemotherapy following IBTR treatment did not seem to improve local tumor control. Following the diagnosis of IBTR, 78% (n = 21) of the patients with ULD and/or regional recurrence (n = 27), died of a disseminated breast cancer in contrast to 10% (n = 6) among the remaining 58 patients. Conclusion: Uncontrolled local disease is an important outcome measure following breast-conserving surgery. In this cohort, salvage mastectomy provided a superior local control rate compared to salvage reexcision. A higher although not statistically significant rate of ULD was also seen in patients who had not received postoperative radiotherapy as part of their primary treatment.

breast cancer ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence prognosis uncontrolled local disease 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina Dalberg
    • 1
  • Anders Mattsson
    • 2
  • Kerstin Sandelin
    • 1
  • Lars E. Rutqvist
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryKarolinska HospitalStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Oncologic CentreKarolinska HospitalStockholmSweden

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