Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 233–247

Metal and Trace Element Burdens in Two Shorebird Species at Two Sympatric Wintering Sites in Southern California

  • Clifford A. Hui
Article

Abstract

In January and November, 1994, ten willets (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus) and ten black-bellied plovers (Pluvialis squatarola) were collected at a south-facing sandy beach at the North Island Naval Air Station (NASNI) and ten willets and three plovers were collected at the Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge (TSNWR), 16 km to the southeast. Concentrations of 19 inorganic analytes were determined in the livers. Differences between sexes in diet or abilities to retain some analytes are indicated because male willets tend to have greater levels of Cd than females and male plovers tend to have greater levels of Fe, Hg, and Mn than females. Concentrations of Hg and Mg in willets decreased from January to November. If this decrease is a part of an annual cycle, then the birds may be acquiring those elements while at NASNI. The differences between sites shows higher levels of As and Se but lower levels of Mn in willets at NASNI while plovers have lower levels of Cu, Mg and Zn at NASNI. There were no correlations between Hg and Se concentrations in the livers of any sample group of birds.

black-bellied plovers toxicology trace metals willets 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous: 1992, ‘Tijuana', World Book Encyclopedia. Vol.19, World Book Inc., Chicago.Google Scholar
  2. Blomqvist, S., Frank, A. and Petersson, L. R.: 1987, ‘Metals in liver and kidney tissues of autumn-migrating dunlin Calidris alpina and curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea staging at the Baltic Sea', Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 35, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burger, J. and Gochfeld, M.: 1992, ‘Heavy metal and selenium concentrations in black skimmers (Rynchops niger): gender differences', Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 23, 431–434.Google Scholar
  4. Burger, J. and Gochfeld, M.: 1995, ‘Growth and behavioral effects of early postnatal chromium and manganese exposure in herring gull (Larus argentatus) chicks', Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 50, 607–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burton, P. J. K.: 1974, Feeding and the feeding apparatus in waders: a study of anatomy and adaptations in the Charadrii, Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  6. Cuvin-Aralar, L. A. and Furness, R. W.: 1991, ‘Mercury and selenium interaction: a review', Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety 21, 348–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Custer, T. W. and Mitchell, C. A.: 1991, ‘Contaminant exposure of willets feeding in agricultural drainages of the lower Rio Grande valley of south Texas', Environ. Monitor. Assess. 16, 189–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Custer, T.W. and Myers, J. P.: 1990, ‘Organochlorines, mercury, and selenium in wintering shorebirds from Washington and California', Calif. Fish Game 76, 118–125.Google Scholar
  9. Dieter, M. P., Perry, M. C. and Mulhern, B. M.: 1976, ‘Lead and PCB's in canvasback ducks: relationship between enzyme levels and residues in blood', Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 5, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Edens, F.W. and Laskey, J.W.: 1990, ‘Serum chemistries of Coturnix coturnix japonica given dietary manganese oxide (Mn3O4)', Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 97, 139–142.Google Scholar
  11. Eisler, R.: 1985, ‘Cadmium hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: A synoptic review', U.S. Fish Wildl. Svc. Biol. Rep. 85(1.2), 46 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Eisler, R.: 1993, ‘Zinc hazards to fish, wildlife, and invertebrates: A synoptic review', U.S. Fish Wildl. Svc. Biol. Rep. 10, 106 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Ferns, P. N. and Anderson, J. I.: 1994, ‘Cadmium in the diet and body tissues of dunlins, Calidris alpina, from the Bristol Channel, UK', Environ. Poll. 86, 225–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Franson, J. C., Sileo, L., Pattee, O. H. and Moore, J. F.: 1983, ‘Effects of chronic dietary lead in American kestrels (Falco sparverius)', J. Wildl. Dis. 19, 110–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gochfeld, M. and Burger, J.: 1987, ‘Heavy metal concentrations in the liver of three duck species: influence of species and sex', Environ. Poll. 45, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Goede, A. A.: 1985 ‘Mercury, selenium, arsenic and zinc in waders from the Dutch Wadden Sea', Environ. Poll. 37, 287–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heinz, G. H.: 1979, ‘Methylmercury: Reproductive and behavioral effects on three generations of mallard ducks', J. Wildl. Manage. 43, 394–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heinz, G. H. and Fitzgerald, M. A.: 1993, ‘Reproduction of mallards following overwinter exposure to selenium', Environ. Poll. 81, 117–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoffman, D. J., Heinz, G. H., LeCaptain, L. J. and Bunck, C. M.: 1991, ‘Subchronic hepatotoxicity of selenomethionine ingestion in mallard ducks', J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 32, 449–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hui, C. A., Takekawa, J. Y., Baranyuk, V. V. and Litvin, K. V.: ‘Elemental contaminants burdens of two subpopulations of lesser snow geese from Wrangel Island, Russia', Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (in press).Google Scholar
  21. Hutton, M.: 1981, ‘Accumulation of heavy metals and selenium in three seabird species from the United Kingdom', Environ. Poll. 26, 129–145.Google Scholar
  22. Johnsgard, P. A.: 1981, The plovers, sandpipers, and snipes of the world. University of Nebraska, Lincoln.Google Scholar
  23. Keinholz, E.W.: 1977, ‘Effects of environmental molybdenum levels upon wildlife', in: Chappell, W. R. and Peterson, K. K. (eds.), Molybdenum in the Environment vol 2. The Geochemistry, Cycling, and Industrial uses of Molybdenum, pp. 731–737, Marcel Dekker, N.Y.Google Scholar
  24. Kelly, P. R. and Cogswell, H. L.: 1979, ‘Movements and habitat use by wintering populations of willets and marbled godwits', Studies in Avian Biology 2, 69–82.Google Scholar
  25. King, K. A. and Cromartie, E.: 1986, ‘Mercury cadmium, lead, and selenium in three waterbird species nesting in Galveston Bay, Texas, U.S.A.', Colonial Waterbirds 9, 90–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Koeman, J. H., Peeters, W. H. M., Koudstaal-Hol, C. H. M., Tjioe, P. S. and de Goeij, J. J. M.: 1973,’ Mercury-selenium correlations in marine mammals', Nature 245, 385–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Laskey, J.W. and Edens, F.W.: 1985, ‘Effects of chronic high-level manganese exposure on male behavior in the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)', Poultry Sci. 64, 579–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Michael, C. W.: 1935, ‘Feeding habits of the black-bellied plover in winter', Condor 37, 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Muirhead, S. J. and Furness, R.W.: 1988, ‘Heavy metal concentrations in the tissues of seabirds from Gough Island South Atlantic Ocean', Mar. Poll. Bull. 19, 278–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Myers, J. P., Connors, P. G. and Pitelka, F. A.: 1979, ‘Territoriality in non-breeding shorebirds', Studies in Avian Biology 2, 231–246.Google Scholar
  31. Norheim, G.: 1987, ‘Levels and interactions of heavy metals in sea birds from Svalbard and the Antarctic', Environ. Poll. 47, 83–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ohlendorf, H. M. and Fleming, W. J.: 1988, ‘Birds and environmental contaminants in San Francisco and Chesapeake Bays', Mar. Poll. Bull. 19, 487–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ohlendorf, H. M., Hothem, R. L., Bunck, C. M., Aldrich, T.W. and Moore, J. F.: 1986a, ‘Relationships between selenium concentrations and avian reproduction', Trans N.A. Wildl. Nat. Res. Conf. 51, 330–342.Google Scholar
  34. Ohlendorf, H. M., Hothem, R. L., Bunck, C. M. and Marois, K. C.: 1990, ‘Bioaccumulation of selenium in birds at Kesterson Resevoir, California', Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 19, 495– 507.Google Scholar
  35. Ohlendorf, H. M., Lowe, R. W., Kelly, P. R. and Harvey, T. E,: 1986b, ‘Selenium and heavy metals in San Francisco Bay diving ducks', J. Wildl. Manage. 50, 64–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ohlendorf, H. M., Marois, K. C., Lowe, R. W., Harvey, T. E. and Kelly, P. R.: 1991, ‘Trace elements and organochlorines in surf scoters from San Francisco Bay, 1985', Environ. Monitor. Assess. 18, 105–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Page, G.W., Shuford, W. D., Kjelmyr, J. E. and Stenzel, L. E.: 1992, ‘Shorebird numbers in wetlands of the Pacific flyway: A summary of counts from April 1988 to January 1992', Report of Point Reyes Bird Observatory, Stinson Beach, California.Google Scholar
  38. Parslow, J. L. F., Thomas, G. J. and Williams, T. D.: 1982, ‘Heavy metals in the livers of waterfowl from the Ouse Washes, England', Environ. Poll. 29, 317–327.Google Scholar
  39. Pienkowski, M. W.: 1983, ‘Changes in the foraging pattern of plovers in relation to environmental factors', Anim. Behav. 31, 244–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Price, J. A.: 1973, ‘Tijuana: urbanization in a border culture', University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, IN.Google Scholar
  41. Recher, H. F.: 1966, ‘Some aspects of the ecology of migrant shorebirds', Ecology 47, 393–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Reeder, W. G.: 1951, ‘Stomach analysis of a group of shorebirds', Condor 53, 43–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Southern, L. L. and Baker, D. H.: 1983, ‘Excess manganese ingestion in the chick', Poultry Sci. 62, 642–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stenzel, L. E., Huber, H. R. and Page, G. W.: 1976, ‘Feeding behavior and diet of the long-billed curlew and willet', Wilson Bull. 88, 314–332.Google Scholar
  45. Vermeer, K. and Peakall, D. B.: 1979, ‘Trace metals in seaducks of the Fraser River delta intertidal area, British Columbia', Mar. Poll. Bull. 10, 189–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Warren, R. J., Wallace, B. M. and Bush, P. B.: 1990, ‘Trace elements in migrating blue-winged teal: seasonal-, sex-and age-class variations', Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 9, 521–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. White, D. H., King, K. A. and Prouty, R. M.: 1980, ‘Significance of organochlorine and heavy metal residues in wintering shorebirds at Corpus Christi, Texas, 1976–77', Pest. Monitor. J. 14, 58–63.Google Scholar
  48. Wood, A. G.: 1986, ‘Diurnal and nocturnal territoriality in the grey plover at Teesmouth, as revealed by radio telemetry', J. Field Ornithol. 57, 213–221.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clifford A. Hui
    • 1
  1. 1.Davis Field Station, Biological Resources Division, USGS, c/o Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisU.S.A

Personalised recommendations