GIS ASSESSMENT OF THE VULNERABILITY OF THE ROSETTA AREA, EGYPT TO IMPACTS OF SEA RISE
A study of the area, including Rosetta city and the estuary of the river Nile (Rosetta branch), has been carried out for assessment of the impact of sea level rise (slr). A geographic information system (GIS) has been built including layers of land use, topography, archeological sites, land cover and population. Analysis of data has been carried out to assess vulnerability of various land use and land cover classes to the impact of sea level rise.
Because the area under study has geomorphic relief profiles just over the sea level, inundation of total land could reach 26% of total study area due to only half a meter rise in sea level. This lost area includes 32% of urban clusters mainly used for human shelter and contains 52% of present monuments, 25% of valuable high quality dense palm trees cultivation, 75% of beaches and 19% of lands suitable, 25% of valuable high quality dense palm trees cultivation, 75% of beaches and 19% of lands suitable for agricultural reclamation (although suffering from salt water intrusion and soil salinization). This is expected to cause a significant impact on the present population, economic activities, total regional revenue, and also on tourism. At 1.1 m sea level rise, 72% to total study area could be inundated. This area contains all beaches, half of the palm cultivation, 43% of total urban clusters, which includes 81% of the monumental sites and historic buildings.
Other environmental problems such as solid waste management, sanitary disposal network, deteriorating conditions of some monumental structures, in addition to the sea level rise act negatively on the environmental quality of the urban community. Future plans for urban expansion in the area must be studied carefully in order to preserve valuable palm lands and maintain and protect monuments and historic sites which help the promotion of tourism. An environmental management program is essential for upgrading tourism, promoting urban development and protecting coastal lands.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Anany, I. I.: 1987, Rosetta in History. A Study in History, Archeology and Tourism. University Youth Foundation.Google Scholar
- Anany, I. I.: 1991, The Citadel of Rosetta and The Key of Civilization. A Study For Military and Marine Islamic Architecture, Alexandria.Google Scholar
- Delft Hydraulics: 1990, Implications of Relative Sea-Level Rise on The Development of The Lower Nile Delta, Egypt, Pilot Study For a Quantitative Approach, Final Report, April 1991.Google Scholar
- El-Askary, M. A. and Frihy, O. E.: 1984, Environmental Interpretation of Sand Grain Surface Texture in The Rosetta and Damietta Promontories Along the Nile Delta Coast, Egypt. N. Jb. Geol. Paleont. Mh., Germany 12, 706–716.Google Scholar
- El-Fayoumy, I. F., El-Shazly, M. M. and Hammad, F. A.: 1977, Geomorphology of The Coastal Area Between Abu Qir and Rashead (North West of the Nile Delta, ARE, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, p. 135–148.Google Scholar
- El-Raey, M. E., Nasr, S. M., El-Hattab, M. M. and Frihy, O. E.: 1995a, ‘Change Detection of Rosetta Promontory Over the Last Forty Years’, Int. J. Rem. Sensing, 16, 825–834.Google Scholar
- El-Raey, M., Nasr, S., Frihy, O., Desouki, S. and Dewidar, Kh.: 1995b, ‘Potential Inpacts of Accelerated Sea-Level Rise on Alexandria Governorate, Egypt’, J. Coast. Res. 14, 190–204.Google Scholar
- El-Shazly, E. M., Abdel-Hady, M. A., El-Ghawaby, M. A. and El-Kassas, I. A.: 1975, Geologic Interpretation of Landsat Satellite Images for West Nile Delta Area, Egypt.Google Scholar
- Frihy, O. E., Nasr, S. M., Ahmed, M. H. and El-Raey, M. E.: 1991, Temporal Shoreline and Bottom Changes of the Inner Continental Shelf Off the Nile Delta, Egypt. J. Coas. Res. 7(2), 465–476.Google Scholar
- Frihy, O. E. and Lotfy, M. F.: 1994, ‘Mineralogy and Texture of Beach Sand in Relation to Erosion and Accretion Along the Rosetta Promontory of the Nile Delta, Egypt’, J. Coas. Res. 10(3), 588–599.Google Scholar
- Frihy, O. E., Nasr, S. M., El-Hattab, M. M. and El-Raey, M. E.: 1994, ‘Remote Sensing of Beach Erosion Along The Rosetta Promontory, Northwestern Nile Delta, Egypt’, Int. J. Rem. Sensing 15(8), 1649–1660.Google Scholar
- (GAUP) Ministry of Inhabitation, New Communities, Housing and Utilities (MINCHU), General Authority For Urban Planning: 1993, The General Plan For Rosetta City, Behera Governorate.Google Scholar
- (EGSMA) Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Egyptian Geological Survey and Mining Authority: 1992, Black Sand Project, Mediterranean Sea coasts, Arab Rebublic of Egypt.Google Scholar
- (EGASP) Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, The Egyptian General Authority For Shore Protection: 1993, Rosetta Shore Protection Project (a report).Google Scholar
- Nafaa, M. E. and Frihy, O. E.: 1993, ‘Beach and Nearshore Features Along the Dissipative Coastline of the Nile Delta’, J. Coast. Res. 9(2), Spring, 423–433.Google Scholar
- Scientists of The French Military Expedition: 1978, The Description of Egypt. The Complete Translation. Vol. 3, Studies On Egyptian Cities and Regions. Translated by Zhayeb, Second Edition, Al-Khanky Library, Cairo.Google Scholar
- Warne, A. G. and Stanley, D. J. 1993, ‘Late Quaternary Evolution of the North West Nile Delta and Adjacent Coast in the Alexandria Region, Egypt’, J. Coast. Res. 9(1), 26–64.Google Scholar