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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 267–277 | Cite as

Bioaccumulation of PAHs in the Zebra Mussel at Times Beach, Buffalo, New York

  • Jeannie M. Roper
  • Donald S. Cherry
  • John W. Simmers
  • Henry E. Tatem
Article

Abstract

The zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, was utilized in an in situ study in the Times Beach Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) located in Buffalo, New York, Mussels, placed both in the water column (upper position) and at the sediment surface (lower position), survived a 34-day exposure to the CDF. At the CDF, total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations in the water column were below detection limits (<0.010 mg 1-1), mean total PAH concentrations in the sediment were 164.41 mg kg-1, and mean total PAH concentrations in mussel tissues after the 34-day exposure were 6.58 mg kg-1. PAH concentrations in mussels exposed for 34 days at the CDP were compared to a baseline PAH concentrations in mussel tissue prior to study initiation (Day 0), and mussel tissue from the reference site (Black Rock Channel Lock). There was a significant increase in total PAHs in mussel tissues over the 34 Day period at the CDF. No significant accumulation occurred at the reference site. PAHs which increased significantly in mussel tissue at the CDF were fluoranthene, pyrene, chrysene, and benzo(a)anthracene. Benzo(a)anthracene concentrations increased significantly in mussels at the upper position overall at Times Beach. Concentrations of Total PAHs, fluoranthene, pyrene, and chrysene were not related to position.

bioaccumulation Dreissena polymorpha PAHs 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeannie M. Roper
    • 1
    • 2
  • Donald S. Cherry
    • 1
  • John W. Simmers
    • 2
  • Henry E. Tatem
    • 2
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlackburgU.S.A
  2. 2.U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment StationVicksburgU.S.A

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