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Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 359–370 | Cite as

Effects of 1,4-Benzoxazin-3-One Derivatives from Maize on Survival and Fecundity of Metopolophium dirhodum (Walker) on Artificial Diet

  • Vincent Cambier
  • Thierry Hance
  • Edmond De Hoffmann
Article

Abstract

Effects of 2-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy-4-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA-Glc) and DIMBOA-Glc N-O-methylated (HDMBOA-Glc), two compounds present in high concentration in maize, were tested on the aphid Metopolophium dirhodum reared on artificial diet. HDMBOA-Glc and DIMBOA-Glc decrease survival of adults with an LD50 of 1 mM and 5.6 mM, respectively, after 72 hr of feeding. These compounds also decrease the fecundity of the aphids at concentrations of 2 mM and 1 mM, respectively. At concentrations of 2 mM HDMBOA-Glc and 8 mM DIMBOA-Glc in the diet, the average lifetime fecundity of 10 females is near zero. Offspring mortality on diet with 2 mM DIMBOA-Glc is significantly higher than with the control diet. In contrast, HDMBOA-Glc has no effect on the survival of offspring. The possibility that these compounds protect Poaceae against aphids is discussed.

Poaceae maize 1,4-benzoxazin-3-ones hydroxamic acids DIMBOA aphids Metopolophium dirhodum artificial diet plant resistance 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent Cambier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Thierry Hance
    • 1
  • Edmond De Hoffmann
    • 2
  1. 1.Unité d'Ecologie et de BiogéographieLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Unité de Spectrométrie de masseLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

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