Advertisement

Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 637–650 | Cite as

Which Social Problem-Solving Components Buffer Depression in Adolescent Girls?

  • Alice A. Frye
  • Sherryl H. Goodman
Article

Abstract

Life stress is associated with depression, although it accounts for only about 10% of the variance. Social problem solving has been found to be a moderator of the stress–depression relationship in adults and children. This study extends research in this area by testing whether social problem solving moderates the relationship between stress and depression among adolescent girls and whether the moderating role of social problem solving is specific to certain domains of social problem solving. The hypothesized role of specific social problem-solving deficits in the association between stress and depressive symptomatology was supported.

social problem solving depression stress adolescence girls 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Aldwin, C. M. (1994). Stress, coping, and development. Guildford Press: New York.Google Scholar
  2. Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1987). Beck Depression Inventory manual. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J. E., & Erbaugh, J. K. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, S., & Rosenberg, R. (1986). The frequency, quality and impact of life events in self-rated depressed, behavioral problem and normal children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 863-864.Google Scholar
  5. Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1982). Psychosocial theory and research on depression: An integrative framework and review. Clinical Psychology Review, 2, 213-237.Google Scholar
  6. Brand, A. H., & Johnson, J. H. (1982). Note on reliability of the Life Events Checklist. Psychological Reports, 50, 1274.Google Scholar
  7. Brooks-Gunn, J., & Warren, M. P. (1989). Biological and social contributions to negative affect in young adolescent girls. Child Development, 60, 40-55.Google Scholar
  8. Caplan, M., Weissberg, R. P., Bersoff, D. M., Ezekowitz, W., & Wells, M. L. (1986). The Middle School Alternative Solutions Test (AST) scoring manual. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Chang, E. (1987). Irrational beliefs and negative life stress: Testing a diathesis-stress model of depressive symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 22, 115-117.Google Scholar
  10. Christensen, J. F. (1981). Assessment of stress: Environmental, intra-personal, and outcome issues. In P. McReynolds (Ed.), Advances in Psychological Assessment, Vol. 5. Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior.Google Scholar
  11. Compas, B. E. (1987). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 393-403.Google Scholar
  12. Compas, B. E., Ey, S., & Grant, K. E. (1993). Depression during adolescence: Issues of taxonomy assessment and diagnosis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 323-344.Google Scholar
  13. D'Zurilla, T. J., & Chang, E. C. (1995). The relations between problem solving and coping. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19, 549-565.Google Scholar
  14. D'Zurilla, T. J., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (1995). Conceptual and methodological issues in problem solving assessment. Behavior Therapy, 26, 409-432.Google Scholar
  15. D'Zurilla, T. J., Nezu, A. M., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (in press). Manual for the Social Problem Solving Inventory-Revised. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
  16. Ge, X., Lorenze, R. O., Conger, R. D., Elder, G. H., & Simons, R. L. (1994). Trajectories of stressful life events and depressive symptoms during adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 30, 467-483.Google Scholar
  17. Glyshaw, K., Cohen, L. H., & Towbes, L. C. (1989). Coping strategies and psychological distress: Prospective analyses of early and middle adolescents. American Journal of Community Psychology, 17, 607-623.Google Scholar
  18. Goodman, S. H., Gravitt, J. R., & Kaslow, N. (1995). Social problem solving: A moderator of the relationship between negative life stress and depressive symptomatology in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 473-485.Google Scholar
  19. Grant, K. E., & Compas, B. E. (1995). Stress and anxious-depressed symptoms among adolescents: Searching for mechanisms of risk. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63, 1015-1021.Google Scholar
  20. Hall, L. A., Kotch, J. B., Browne, D., & Rayens, M. K. (1996). Self-esteem as a mediator of the effects of stressors and social resources on depressive symptoms in postpartum mothers. Nursing Research, 45, 231-238.Google Scholar
  21. Herman-Stahl, M., & Petersen, A. C. (1996). The protective role of coping and social resources for depressive symptoms among young adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 25, 733-753.Google Scholar
  22. Jahoda, I. (1953). The meaning of psychological health. Social Casework, 34, 349-354.Google Scholar
  23. Johnson, J. H., & McCutcheon, S. M. (1980). Assessing life stress in older children and adolescents: Preliminary findings with the Life Events Checklist. In I. G. Sarason & C. D. Spielberger (Eds.), Stress and anxiety (Vol. 7, pp 111-125). Washington, DC: Hemisphere.Google Scholar
  24. Kant, G. L., D'Zurilla, T. J., & Maydeu-Olivares, A. (1997). Social problem solving as a mediator of stress-related depression and anxiety in middle aged and elderly community residents. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 21, 73-96.Google Scholar
  25. Kashani, J. H., Carlson, G. A., Beck, N. C., Hoeper, E. W., Corcoran, C. M., McAllister, J. A., Fallahi, C., Rosenberg, T. K., and Reid, J. C. (1987). Depression, depressive symptoms, and depressed mood among a community sample of adolescents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 931-934.Google Scholar
  26. Lewinsohn, P. M., Hops, H., Roberts, R. E., Seeley, J. R., & Andrews, J. A. (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. Prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III-R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102, 133-144.Google Scholar
  27. Maydeu-Olivares, A., & D'Zurilla, T. J. (1996). A factor-analytic study of the social problem solving inventory: An integration of theory and data. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 115-133.Google Scholar
  28. Newman, S. C., & Bland, R. C. (1994). Life events and the 1-year prevalence of major depressive episode, generalized anxiety disorder, and panic disorder in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 35, 76-82.Google Scholar
  29. Nezu, A. M. (1986). Cognitive appraisal of problem-solving effectiveness: Relation to depression and depressive symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 42-48.Google Scholar
  30. Nezu, A. M. (1987). A problem solving formulation of depression: A literature review and proposal of a pluralistic model. Clinical Psychology Review, 7, 121-144.Google Scholar
  31. Nezu, A. M., Nezu, C. M., Saraydarian, L., Kalmar, K., & Ronan, G. F. (1986). Social problem solving as a moderating variable between life stress and depressive symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 10, 489-498.Google Scholar
  32. Nezu, A. M., & Perri, M. (1989). Social problem-solving therapy for unipolar depression: An initial dismantling investigation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57, 408-413.Google Scholar
  33. Nezu, A. M., & Ronan, G. F. (1985). Life stress, current problems, problem solving, and depressive symptoms: An integrative model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 693-697.Google Scholar
  34. Nezu, A. M., & Ronan, G. F. (1988). Stressful life events, problem solving and depressive symptoms: A prospective analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 35, 134-138.Google Scholar
  35. Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 424-443.Google Scholar
  36. Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Seligman, M. E., & Girgus, J. S. (1992). Predictors and consequences of childhood depressive symptoms: A 5 year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 101, 405-422.Google Scholar
  37. Petersen, A. C., Sarigiani, P. A., & Kennedy, R. E. (1991). Adolescent depression: Why more girls? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 20, 247-271.Google Scholar
  38. Platt, J. J., & Spivack, G. (1972). Problem solving thinking of psychiatric patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 39, 148-151.Google Scholar
  39. Roberts, R. E., Lewinsohn, P. M., & Seeley, J. R. (1991). Screening for adolescent depression: A comparison of depression scales. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 30, 58-66.Google Scholar
  40. Sadowski, C., Moore, L. A., & Kelley, M. L. (1994). Psychometric properties of the social problem solving inventory (SPSI) with normal and emotional disturbed adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 22, 487-500.Google Scholar
  41. Sarason, I. G., Levine, A. M., & Sarason, B. R. (1982). Assessing the impact of life changes. In T. Millon, C. Green, & R. Meagher (Eds.), Handbook of clinical health psychology, New York, Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  42. Shure, M. B., & Spivack, G. (1972). Means-ends thinking, adjustment, and social class among elementary-school-aged children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 38, 348-353.Google Scholar
  43. Strober, M., Green, J., & Carlson, G. A. (1981). Phenomenology and subtypes of major depressive disorder in adolescence. Journal of Affective Disorders, 3, 281-290.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice A. Frye
    • 1
  • Sherryl H. Goodman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyEmory UniversityAtlanta
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyEmory UniversityAtlanta

Personalised recommendations