Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 351–365 | Cite as

The Pain Catastrophizing Scale: Further Psychometric Evaluation with Adult Samples

  • Augustine Osman
  • Francisco X. Barrios
  • Peter M. Gutierrez
  • Beverly A. Kopper
  • Traci Merrifield
  • Lee Grittmann


Previous studies with undergraduates have provided support for the reliability and oblique three-factor structure of a new scale, the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). We examined the reliability and validity of the PCS in adult community and pain outpatient samples. The PCS showed a high internal consistency in both groups. Using data from the community sample, confirmatory factor analyses showed that the PCS taps a single construct characterized by three related dimensions. Gender differences were obtained on the PCS total score in the community and the outpatient samples. The analyses also showed significant differences between the community and the outpatient samples on the PCS total and subscales. Overall, the results showed strong evidence of criterion-related, concurrent, and discriminant validity for the PCS in the community sample. Limitations of the present study are discussed.

pain catastrophizing adult samples reliability validity 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Augustine Osman
    • 1
  • Francisco X. Barrios
    • 2
  • Peter M. Gutierrez
    • 3
  • Beverly A. Kopper
    • 2
  • Traci Merrifield
    • 2
  • Lee Grittmann
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of Northern IowaCedar Falls
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyThe University of Northern IowaCedar Falls
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyNorthern Illinois UniversityDeKalb

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