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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 415–421 | Cite as

Interventions to Facilitate Auditory, Visual, and Motor Integration in Autism: A Review of the Evidence

  • Geraldine Dawson
  • Renee Watling
Article

Abstract

Evidence is reviewed on the prevalence of sensory and motor abnormalities in autism and the effectiveness of three interventions designed to address such abnormalities—sensory integration therapy, traditional occupational therapy, and auditory integration training. Although sensory processing and motor abnormalities are neither universal nor specific to autism, the prevalence of such abnormalities in autism is relatively high. There is, however, little controlled research on the effectiveness of interventions designed to address these abnormalities. Four objective outcome studies of sensory integration therapy were identified. These were of such small scale that no firm conclusions regarding efficacy could be made. No empirical studies of traditional occupational therapy in autism were found. Five studies of auditory integration training were found. Results of these studies provided no, or at best equivocal, support for the use of auditory integration training in autism.

Autism sensory integration therapy occupational therapy auditory integration training 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geraldine Dawson
    • 1
  • Renee Watling
    • 1
  1. 1.Center on Human Development and DisabilityUniversity of WashingtonSeattle

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