Advertisement

Climatic Change

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 339–359 | Cite as

Reconstruction of New Zealand Temperatures Back to AD 1720 Using Libocedrus bidwillii Tree-Rings

  • Limin Xiong
  • Jonathan G. Palmer
Article

Abstract

The longest chronology from New Zealand so faris from Libocedrus bidwillii Hook. f. (i.e.,from AD 1992 back to AD 1140, a span of 853 years). A subset of 11 chronologies was selected from anetwork of 23 sites to reconstruct past temperaturesbased on the similarity of significant responsefunctions. A comparison of climate data overdifferent seasons with these 11 chronologies wascarried out using a bootstrap transfer function. Average late-summer (February–March) temperature wasselected for reconstruction based on independentverification results. The reconstructed temperaturewas then presented for the period back to AD 1720. The chronologies reconstructed years experiencing hotsummers better than cold summers. The power spectrumof the reconstructed temperatures showed periodicitiessimilar to those of the observed temperatures. Reconstructed temperatures were significantlycorrelated with other proxy climate reconstructionsderived from tree rings in New Zealand. However,unlike the other tree ring-based reconstructions, theLibocedrus bidwillii series reconstructed boththe 1950s and 1970s warming periods. The resultsalso compared very favourably with other palaeoclimateevidence.

Keywords

Transfer Function Climate Data Tree Ring Warming Period Reconstructed Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bradley, R. S. and Jones, P. D. (eds.): 1992, Climate since AD 1500, Routledge Press, London.Google Scholar
  2. Briffa, K. R.: 1984, Tree-Climate Relationships and Dendroclimatological Reconstruction in the British Isles, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of East Anglia, U.K.Google Scholar
  3. Buckley, B. M., Cook, E. R., Peterson, M. J., and Barbetti, M.: 1997, ‘A Change Temperature Response with Elevation for Lagarostrobos franklinii in Tasmania, Australia’, Clim. Change 36, 477-498.Google Scholar
  4. Burrows, C. J.: 1976, ‘Icebergs in the Southern Ocean’, New Zealand Geographer 32, 127-138.Google Scholar
  5. Burrows, C. J.: 1982, ‘On New Zealand Climate within the Last 1000 Years’, N. Z. J. Archaeol. 4, 157-167.Google Scholar
  6. Burrows, C. J.: 1989, ‘Aranuian Radiocarbon Dates from Moraines in the Mount Cook Region, New Zealand’, N. Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 32, 205-216.Google Scholar
  7. Burrows, C. J., Duncan, K. W., and Spence, J. R. P: 1990, ‘Aranuian Vegetation History of the Arrowsmith Range, Canterbury II’, revised chronology for moraines of the Cameron Glacier, N. Z. J. Botany 28, 455-466.Google Scholar
  8. Burrows, C. J. and Greenland, D. E.: 1979, ‘An Analysis of the Evidence for Climate Change in New Zealand in the Last Thousand Years: Evidence from Diverse Natural Phenomena and from Instrumental Records’, J. Roy. Soc. N. Z. 9, 321-373.Google Scholar
  9. Dunwiddie, P. W.: 1979, ‘Dendrochronological Studies of Indigenous New Zealand Trees’, N. Z. J. Botany 17, 251-266.Google Scholar
  10. Efron, B.: 1983, ‘Estimating the Error Rate of a Prediction Rule: Improvement of Cross-Valuation’, J. Amer. Statistical Assoc. 78, 316-331.Google Scholar
  11. Folland, C. K. and Salinger, M. J.: 1995, ‘Surface Temperature Trends and Variations in New Zealand and the Surrounding Ocean, 1871-1993’, Int. J. Climatol. 15, 1195-1218.Google Scholar
  12. Fritts, H. C.: 1976, Tree Rings and Climate, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  13. Fritts, H. C.: 1996, PRECONK Version 5, Dendrochronological Modelling, 5703 North Lane, Tucson, Arizona 85704, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  14. Fritts, H. C. and Dean, J. S.: 1992, ‘Dendrochronological Modelling of the Effects of Climatic Change on Tree-Ring Width Chronologies from the Chaco Canyon Area, Southwestern United States’, Tree-Ring Bull. 52, 31-58.Google Scholar
  15. Grinsted, M. J. and Wilson, A. T.: 1979, ‘Variations of 13C/12C Ratio in Cellulose of Agathis Australis (Kauri) and Climatic Change in New Zealand during the Last Millennium’, N. Z. J. Sci. 22, 55-61.Google Scholar
  16. Guiot, J.: 1990, ‘Methods of Calibration’, in Cook, E. and Kairiukstis, L. (eds.), Methods of Dendrochronology: Application to Environmental Sciences, Kluwer Academic Publishers and IIASA, Dordrecht, pp. 165-178.Google Scholar
  17. Guiot, J.: 1991, ‘The Bootstrapped Response Function’, Tree-Ring Bull. 51, 39-41.Google Scholar
  18. Guiot, J. and Goeury, C.: 1996, ‘PPPBASE-A Software for Statistical Analysis of Paleoecological and Paleoclimatological Data’, Dendrochronologia 14, 295-300.Google Scholar
  19. LaMarche, V. C., Jr., Holmes, R. L., Dunwiddie, P. W., and Drew, L. G.: 1979, Tree Ring Chronologies in the Southern Hemisphere 3, New Zealand, Chronology Series V, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  20. Lough, J. M. and Fritts, H. C.: 1985, ‘The Southern Oscillation and Tree Rings: 1600-1961’, J. Climate Appl. Meteorol. 24, 952-966.Google Scholar
  21. Norton, D. A.: 1983, A Dendroclimatic Analysis of Three Indigenous Tree Species, South Island, New Zealand, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  22. Norton, D. A.: 1987, ‘Reconstruction of Past River Flow and Precipitation in Canterbury, New Zealand from Analysis of Tree-Rings’, J. Hydrol. (N. Z.) 26, 161-174.Google Scholar
  23. Norton, D. A., Briffa, K. R., and Salinger, M. J.: 1989, ‘Reconstruction of New Zealand Summer Temperatures to 1730 AD Using Dendroclimatic Techniques’, Int. J. Clim. 9, 633-644.Google Scholar
  24. Norton, D. A. and Palmer, J. G.: 1992, ‘Dendroclimatic Evidence from Australasia’, in Bradley, R. S. and Jones, P. D. (eds.), Climate since A.D. 1500, Routledge Press, London.Google Scholar
  25. Palmer, J.: 1989, A Dendroclimatic Study of Phyllocladus trichomanoides D.Don (Tanekaha), Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Auckland, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  26. Salinger, M. J.: 1980, ‘The New Zealand Temperature Series’, Climate Monitor 9, 112-118.Google Scholar
  27. Salinger, M. J.: 1981, New Zealand Climate: The Instrumental Record, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, p. 327.Google Scholar
  28. Salinger, M. J.: 1982, ‘The Southern Hemisphere: Climate Context’, in Hughes, M. K., Kelly, P. M., Pilcher, J. R., and LaMarche Jr., V. C. (eds.), Climate from Tree Rings, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., pp. 79-82.Google Scholar
  29. Salinger, M. J., McGann, R. P., Coutts, B., and Fouhy, E.: 1992, South Pacific Historical Climate Network. Temperature Trends in New Zealand and Outlying Islands, 1920-1990, New Zealand Meterological Service, Wellington, p. 46.Google Scholar
  30. Salinger, M. J., Palmer, J. G., Jones, P. D., and Briffa, K. R.: 1994, ‘Reconstruction of New Zealand Climate Indices back to A.D. 1731 Using Dendroclimatic Techniques: Some Preliminary Results’, Int. J. Clim. 14, 1135-1149.Google Scholar
  31. Stokes, M. A. and Smiley, T. L.: 1968, An Introduction to Tree-Ring Dating, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  32. The Royal Society of New Zealand: 1995, Climate Change in New Zealand, An abridged version of a report prepared by the New Zealand Climate Committee of The Royal Society of New Zealand as a contribution towards the Climate Change Programme of the New Zealand Government, The Royal Society of New Zealand.Google Scholar
  33. Till, C. and Guiot, J.: 1990, ‘Reconstruction of Precipitation in Morocco since 1100 A.D. Based on Cedrus atlantica Tree-Ring Widths’, Quatern. Res. 33, 337-351.Google Scholar
  34. Villalba, R., Cook, E. R., D'Arrigo, R. D., Jacoby, G. C., Jones, P. D., Salinger, M. J., and Palmer, J. P.: 1997, ‘Sea-Level Pressure Variability around Antarctica since A.D. 1750 Inferred from Subantarctic Tree-Ring Records’, Clim. Dyn. 13, 375-390.Google Scholar
  35. Wigley, T. M., Briffa, K. R., and Jones, P. D.: 1984, ‘On the Average Value of Correlated Time Series, with Applications in Dendro-Climatology and Hydrometeorology’, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 23, 201-213.Google Scholar
  36. Xiong, L.: 1995, A Dendroclimatic Study of Libocedrus bidwillii Hook. F. (Kaikawaka), Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Lincoln University, New Zealand, p. 295.Google Scholar
  37. Xiong, L., Okada, N., Fujiwara, T., Ohta, S., and Palmer, J. G.: 1998, ‘Chronology Development and Climate Response Analysis of Different New Zealand Pink Pine (Halocarpus biformis) Tree-Ring Parameters’, Can. J. Forest Res. 28, 566-573.Google Scholar
  38. Xiong, L. and Palmer, J. G.: 1995, ‘Standardisation Approach Selection for New Zealand Cedar (Libocedrus bidwillii)’, in Ohta, S., Fujii, T., Okada, N., Hughes, M. K., and Eckstein, D. (eds.), Tree Rings, from the Past to the Future, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Asian and Pacific Dendrochronology, March 4-9, 1995, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan, pp. 88-93.Google Scholar
  39. Xiong, L. and Palmer, J. G.: 1997, ‘New Zealand Libocedrus bidwillii Tree-Ring Data’, International Tree-Ring Data Bank, IGBP PAGES/World Data Center-A for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series # 1997-002, NOAA/NGDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder, CO, U.S.A. (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/paleo/treering.html).Google Scholar
  40. Xiong, L. and Palmer, J. G.: 1998, ‘Libocedrus bidwillii Tree-Ring Chronologies in New Zealand’, Tree-Ring Bull. 56, in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Limin Xiong
    • 1
  • Jonathan G. Palmer
    • 1
  1. 1.New Zealand Tree-Ring Laboratory, Soil, Plant and Ecological Sciences DivisionLincoln UniversityCanterburyNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations