Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 297–311 | Cite as

The Assessment of Dispositional Vigilance and Cognitive Avoidance: Factorial Structure, Psychometric Properties, and Validity of the Mainz Coping Inventory

  • Heinz Walter Krohne
  • Boris Egloff
  • Larry J. Varner
  • Lawrence R. Burns
  • Gerdi Weidner
  • Henry C. Ellis


This article reports the construction and empirical evaluation of the English adaptation of the Mainz Coping Inventory (MCI). The MCI, which is based on the model of coping modes (Krohne, 1993), is organized as a stimulus–response inventory and contains two subtests. Eight fictitious situations are presented to the participants. Four of these situations represent physical threat (subtest MCI-P) and four ego threat (subtest MCI-E). Each situation is conjoined with five vigilant and five cognitive avoidant coping strategies, thus allowing the separate assessment of the coping dispositions of vigilance and cognitive avoidance. Analyses concerning appraisals of the threat situations, factorial structure, and psychometric properties of the MCI as well as convergent and discriminant associations with coping and affect variables are presented. Results of the analyses indicate that the MCI is a reliable and valid measure of two central coping dimensions.

affect vigilance cognitive avoidance coping measurement 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Walter Krohne
    • 1
  • Boris Egloff
    • 1
  • Larry J. Varner
    • 2
  • Lawrence R. Burns
    • 3
  • Gerdi Weidner
    • 4
  • Henry C. Ellis
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychologisches InstitutJohannes Gutenberg-Universität MainzMainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerque
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyGrand Valley State UniversityAllendale
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyState University of New YorkStony Brook

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