Human Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 99–116 | Cite as


  • Richard M. Zaner


In an overview of the essays in this project, a number of clinical ethics issues receive emphasis. (1) One cluster concerns the ethical concerns presented within the relationship between the providers (doctor, nurse, etc.) and patient (and family), as distinct from those associated with being a clinical ethics consultant invited into a situation to assist. (2) Distinct from these are ethical issues intrinsic to the ways in which clinical encounters are variously written about (from chart notes to published articles). (3) Finally, there is a set of issues connected with the major characteristics of clinical encounters, in view of which it is imperative to be specifically attentive to the fine details and complex interactions among patient, doctor, family, and others, within a specific social context. Keeping these matters in mind helps to clarify the differences between consulting (talking and listening) and writing about consultations, as well as among the various kinds of writing about clinical encounters.


Social Context Complex Interaction Ethic Issue Political Philosophy Ethical Concern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baylis, F. (1999). Health Care Ethics Consultation: 'Training in Virtue'. Human Studies 22(1): 25–41.Google Scholar
  2. Bliton, Mark J. (1993). The Ethics of Clinical Ethics Consultation. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International.Google Scholar
  3. Bliton, M.J. (1999). Ethics Talk; Talking Ethics: An Example of Clinical Ethics Consultation. Human Studies 22(1): 7–24.Google Scholar
  4. Bliton, M.J. and Finder, S.G. (1999). The Peculiar Visage of Philosophy in Clinical Ethics Consultation. Human Studies 22(1): 69–97.Google Scholar
  5. Cassell, Eric J. (1985). Talking With Patients. Vol. II, Boston: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  6. Edelstein, Ludwig. (1967). Ancient Medicine. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Hardy, Robert C. (1978). Sick; How People Feel About Being Sick and What They Think of Those Who Care For Them. Chicago: Teach'Em, Inc.Google Scholar
  8. Hoffmaster, B. (1999). Anatomy of a Clinical Ethics Consultation. Human Studies 22(1): 53–68.Google Scholar
  9. Kleinman, Arthur. (1988). The Illness Narratives: Suffering, Healing and the Human Condition. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  10. Komesaroff, Paul A. (1995). From Bioethics to Microethics: Ethical Debate and Clinical Medicine. In Paul A. Komesaroff (ed.). Troubled Bodies: Critical Perspectives on Postmodernism, Medical Ethics, and the Body. Durham and London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ruark, J.E., Raffin, T.A. and the Stanford University Medical Center Committee on Ethics (1988). Initiating and Withdrawing Life Support. The New England Journal of Medicine. 381: 1 (January): 25–30.Google Scholar
  12. Tolstoy, Leo. (1981). The Death of Ivan Ilyich. New York: Bantam Books, Classic edition.Google Scholar
  13. Tomlinson, T. (1999). Ethics Consultant: Problem Solver or Spiritual Counselor? Human Studies 22(1): 43–52.Google Scholar
  14. Wieder, D. Laurence (1974). Language and Social Reality. Amsterdam: Mouton.Google Scholar
  15. Zaner, Richard M. (1973a). The Art of Free-Phantasy Variation in Rigorous Phenomenological Science. In F. Kersten and R. Zaner (eds.). Phenomenology: Continuation and Criticism, Essays in Memory of Dorion Cairns. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff: 192–219.Google Scholar
  16. Zaner, Richard M. (1973b). Examples and Possibles: A Criticism of Husserl's Theory of Free-Phantasy Variation. Research in Phenomenology. III: 29–43.Google Scholar
  17. Zaner, Richard M. (1988). Ethics and the Clinical Encounter. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.Google Scholar
  18. Zaner, Richard M. (1990). Medicine and Dialogue. In H.T. Engelhardt (ed.). Special Issue: Edmund Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine: An Overview and an Assessment. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 15: 303–325.Google Scholar
  19. Zaner, Richard M. (1993). Voices and Time: The Venture of Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 18: 9–31.Google Scholar
  20. Zaner, Richard M. (1994). Troubled Voices: Stories of Ethics and Illness. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.Google Scholar
  21. Zaner, Richard M. (1995). Interpretation and Dialogue: Medicine as a Moral Discipline. In Steven Galt Crowell (ed.), The Prism of the Self. Philosophical Essays in Honor of Maurice Natanson. Contributions to Phenomenology, Vol. 19. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 147–168.Google Scholar
  22. Zaner, Richard M. (1996). Listening or Telling? Thoughts on Responsibility in Clinical Ethics Consultation. Theoretical Medicine. 17:3 (September):. 255–277.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Zaner
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Center, Center for Clinical and Research EthicsVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleU.S.A

Personalised recommendations