Climatic Change

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 203–218 | Cite as

Changes of Climate Extremes in China

  • Panmao Zhai
  • Anjian Sun
  • Fumin Ren
  • Xiaonin Liu
  • Bo Gao
  • Qiang Zhang
Article

Abstract

Changes in China's temperature and precipitation extremes have been studied by using observational data after 1950. The results reveal that mean minimum temperature has increased significantly in China during the past 40 years, especially in the winter in northern China. Meanwhile, nation-wide cold wave activity has weakened and the frequency of cold days in northern China has been reduced significantly. Mean maximum temperatures display no statistically significant trend for China as a whole. However, decreasing summer mean maximum temperatures are obvious in eastern China, where the number of hot days has been reduced. Seasonal 1-day extreme maximum temperatures mainly reflect decreasing trends, while seasonal 1-day extreme minimum temperatures are increasing.

A statistically significant reduction of much above normal rain days in China has been detected. Contrarily, an increasing trend was detected in much above normal of precipitation intensity (precipitation/number of precipitation days) during the past 45 years.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panmao Zhai
    • 1
  • Anjian Sun
    • 1
  • Fumin Ren
    • 1
  • Xiaonin Liu
    • 2
  • Bo Gao
    • 1
  • Qiang Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.National Climate CenterBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Meteorological CenterBeijingChina

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