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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 127, Issue 1–4, pp 205–226 | Cite as

Evaluation of some Methods for Fish Canning Wastewater Treatment

  • Fawzia A. Fahim
  • Daisy H. Fleita
  • Abdallah M. Ibrahim
  • Farida M. S. El-Dars
Article

Abstract

A fish canning facility processes 1900–2000 tons of mackerel and sardine annually at arate of 10–15 tons per day for a total of 200 days yr-1. This factory generates an average of 20 m3 of industrial wastewaters per day. The objective of our study, which was carried out on a bimonthly basisfrom December 1995 to November 1996, was to determine the overall pollutant load associated with this effluent in relation to the applicable Egyptian Standards and to propose methods for pollutant load reduction before discharging it to the local sewer. The methods were to benefit through the recovery of wasted organic load and transform it into an environmentally safe residue amenable for either immediate reuse or final disposal thereafter. Five chemical coagulation/flocculation treatments were tried using ferric chloride, alum, lime, ferric chloride and lime, and alum and lime. The best method involved the use of FeCl3 and Ca(OH)2 (0.4 g Fe L-1 and 0.2 g Ca L-1, respectively) which reduced the average influent BOD5 from 989 to 204 mg L-1, the COD from 1324 to 320 mg L-1, TSS from 4485 to 206 mg L-1, total protein content from 812 to 66 mg L-1 and oil and grease from 320 to 66 mg L-1. The separated dried precipitate averaged 50 g L-1 which was found to contain 40% by weight recovered protein and 20% recovered fat. The solid was ideal for on-site reprocessing as animal feed. As well, the final effluent, if not discharged to the area sewer, was safe for controlled use in some irrigation applications or forestry projects at the desert area surrounding the factory.

fish processing industrialwastewater treatment industrial waste Egypt 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fawzia A. Fahim
    • 1
  • Daisy H. Fleita
    • 2
  • Abdallah M. Ibrahim
    • 3
  • Farida M. S. El-Dars
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of ScienceAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Chemistry Unit, School of Science and Engineering, AUCEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceHelwan UniversityEgypt

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